For the last half century, Mikuláš Teich has made many eminent contributions to the histories of science, technology, medicine and society. His essentially Marxist historiographical stance has resisted the notion that science is an autonomous entity, and has instead stressed the interplay of the economic, the social and the scientific forces in history. At the same time, particularly in studies of biochemistry, he has emphasized the significance of the role of science and technology in modern economic change.
In a career divided between Czechoslovakia and the UK, he has always been highly internationalist in his historical outlooks, combining what is valuable in Contentinal and British methods.
This volume is to honour him on his eightieth birthday. Examining European developments since the sixteenth century, the essays, many by old friends and colleagues, cluster around themes close to his own personal scholarship and related to volumes which he has edited. The book is divided into sections on Questions of History; Scientific Lives; Disciplines; Natural History, and Science and Disease.
Kurt Bayertz is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Münster. His main interests lie in ethics, political philosophy and philosophy of science. Recent publications include articles on evolutionary ethics, on the concept of responsibility, his book
GenEthics. Technological Intervention in Huma Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem (Cambridge: CUP, 1994), and as editor
The Concept of Moral Consensus (Dordrecht: Springer, 1994), and
Solidarity, (Dordrecht: Springer, 1998).
Dr Roy Porter is professor in the Social History of Medicine at the wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. Recent books include
Doctor of Society: Thomas Beddoes and the Sick Trade in Late Enlightenment England (London: Routledge, 1991),
London: A Social History (Hamish Hamilton, 1994), and
‘The Greates Benefit to Mankind’: A Medical History of Humanity (London: HarperCollins, 1997). He is a co-author of
The History of Bethlemn (London: Routledge, 1997). He is currently working on a general history of the Enlightenment in Britain. He is interested in eighteenth century medicine, the history of psychiatry and the history of quackery.
1. Mikuláš Teich: A Biographical Sketch
QUESTIONS OF HISTORY
2. Business History: Cinderella, Prince Charming or Ugly Sister?
3. Darwin's Revolution. Benno MÜLLER-HILL: The Different Faces of Science: Is Genetics a Social Construct?
4. Bare Heads against Red Hats: A Portrait of Paracelsus
5. Science - Education and Culture. Ideas and Concepts of German Scientists in the 19th Century
Dietrich von ENGELHARDT
6. Thomas George Hodgkins (1803-92) and the future of Research at the Royal Institution (London) and the Smithsonian Institution (Washington)
7. Biology as Technology
Kurt BAYERTZ and Patricia NEVERS
8. From the Originary Phenomenon to the System of Pelagic Fishery: Johannes Müller (1801-1858) and the Relation Between Physiology and Philosophy
9. A Male Mind in a Female Body: Sexology, Homosexuality and the Woman Question in Germany, 1869-1914
10. The Naturalist Tradition: A Natural History
11. Medicine, The Body, and the Botanical Metaphor in Erotica
SCIENCE AND DISEASE
12. Biology of Liberation: Some Historical Aspects of Proletarian Race Hygienics
13. Credit and Resistance: Eijman and the Transformation of Beri-Beri into a Vitamin Deficiency Disease
14. Gout and Quakery; Or, Banks and Mountebanks
Notes on Contributors
Bibliography of Mikuláš Teich