Scapeland

Writing the Landscape from Diderot’s Salons to the Postmodern Museum

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Scapeland: Writing the Landscape from Diderot’s Salons to the Postmodern Museum is a comparative, interdisciplinary study tracing theories of the sublime and a history of spectatorship from Diderot’s eighteenth-century French Salons, through art criticism by Baudelaire and Breton, to Jean-François Lyotard’s postmodern exhibition Les Immatériaux. In the Salons, an exploration of the painted landscape becomes an encounter with both the limits of representation and the infinite possibilities of fiction. Baudelaire and Breton explore similar limits in their work, set against the backdrop of the modern city. For them, as for Diderot, the attempt to render visual objects in narrative language leads to the development of new literary forms and concerns. Lyotard’s concept of the “postmodern museum” frames the sublime encounter, once again, in terms that expressly evoke Diderot’s verbal rendering of painted spaces as a personal promenade. According to Lyotard, Diderot “ouvre, par écrit, les surfaces des tableaux comme les portes d’une exposition.. . . [il] abolit . . . l’opposition de la nature et de la culture, de la réalité de l’image, du volume et de la surface.” Reading the literary production of these four writers alongside their art criticism, Scapeland considers narrative responses to art as imaginative assertions of human presence against the impersonal world of objects.

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Acknowledgments
Introduction
Landscape and the Sublime, or The Art of Nature
“Il faut les voir”: Exhibition Spaces and Immateriality in Diderot’s Salons
Baudelaire’s Parisian Cityscape: Charles Meryon and Le Spleen de Paris
Mapping the City as Dreamscape: André Breton and le point sublime
“Scapeland”: The Sublime and Lyotard’s Les Immatériaux
Conclusion
Bibliography