Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on the nature of philosophy are highlighted by the Finnish dialogue between analytic philosophy, phenomenology, pragmatism, and critical theory.
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Table of contents

Preface
I THE BACKGROUND
Ilkka NIINILUOTO: Philosophy in Finland – the Cultural Setting
Edward WESTERMARCK: Normative and Psychological Ethics
Eino KAILA: On Scientific and Metaphysical Explanation of Reality (1926)
Eino KAILA: On the Method of Philosophy. Extracts from a Statement to the Section of History and Philology at the University of Helsinki (1930)
Georg Henrik von Wright: What Philosophy Is for Me
Jaakko HINTIKKA: Contemporary Philosophy and the Problem of Truth
Jan WOLEŃSKI: Formal Metaphilosophy in Finland
II LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
Anssi KORHONEN: Logical Semantics – Truth and Analyticity
Veikko RANTALA: Possible Words
Tuomo AHO: Propositional Attitudes
Vladimír SVOBODA: Forms and Norms and Validity
III PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
Roberto FESTA: Induction, Probability, and Bayesian Epistemology
Matti SINTONEN: Realism and Growth of Knowledge – Philosophy of Science since Eino Kaila
Martin KUSCH: Explanation and Understanding: The Debate over von Wright’s Philosophy of Action Revisited
IV HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Mikko YRJÖNSUURI: Finnish Studies in the History of Ancient and Mediaeval Philosophy
Olli KOISTINEN: Finnish Studies in Seventeenth-Century Rationalism
Joachim SCHULTE: The Reception of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy in Finland
V ETHICS AND SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY
Mikko SALMELA: Analytic Moral Philosophy in Finland
Matti HÄYRY: Applied Ethics in Finland
Eerik LAGERSPETZ: Analytical Philosophy of Institutions
VI INTERFACES OF ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY
Leila HAAPARANTA: Finnish Studies in Phenomenology and Phenomenological Studies in Finland: Interfaces of Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology
Sami PIHLSTRÖM: Pragmatistic Influences in Twentieth Century Finnish Philosophy: From Pre-analytic to Post-analytic Thought
Thomas WALLGREN: Critical Theory
Index of Names

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