“The influence of [Kazimierz] Twardowski on modern philosophy in Poland is all-pervasive. Twardowski instilled in his students a passion for clarity [...] and seriousness. He taught them to regard philosophy as a collaborative effort, a matter of disciplined discussion and argument, and he encouraged them to train themselves thoroughly in at least one extra-philosophical discipline and to work together with scientists from other fields, both inside Poland and internationally. This led above all [...] to collaborations with mathematicians, so that the Lvov school of philosophy would gradually evolve into the Warsaw school of logic [...]. Twardowski taught his students, too, to respect and to pursue serious research in the history of philosophy, an aspect of the tradition of philosophy on Polish territory which is illustrated in such disparate works as [Jan] Łukasiewicz’s ground-breaking monograph on the law of non-contradiction in Aristotle and [Władysław] Tatarkiewicz’s highly influential multi-volume histories of philosophy and aesthetics [...] The term ‘Polish philosophy’ is a misnomer [...] for Polish philosophy is philosophy per se; it is part and parcel of the mainstream of world philosophy – simply because [...] it meets international standards of training, rigour, professionalism and specialization.” – Barry Smith (from: “Why Polish Philosophy does Not Exist”)


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Table of contents

Jacek JADACKI, Jacek PAŚNICZEK: The Lvov-Warsaw School: Its Contemporary Inheritors and Investigators in Poland and Abroad
Part I. The School: Its Origins and Significance
Barry SMITH: Why Polish Philosophy Does Not Exist
Jacek JADACKI: The Lvov-Warsaw School and Its Influence on Polish Philosophy of the Second Half of the 20th Century
Part II. Objects and Properties
John T. KEARNS: An Elementary System of Ontology
Jacek PAŚNICZEK: Do We Need Complex Properties in Our Ontology?
Andrzej BIŁAT: Objects, Properties and Russell’s Paradox
Joanna ODROWĄŻ –SYPNIEWSKA: On the Notion of Identity
Part III. Prognoses, Norms and Questions
Tomasz PLACEK: A Puzzle about Semantic Determinism
Max URCHS: Causality in Chaotic Environment
Jan WOLEŃSKI: Three Contributions to Logical Philosophy
Andrzej WIŚNIEWSKI: Reducibility of Safe Questions to Sets of Atomic Yes-No Questions
Part IV. Categorial Grammar
Peter SIMONS: Languages with Variable-Binding Operators: Categorial Syntax and Combinatorial Semantics
Urszula WYBRANIEC-SKARDOWSKA: On the Formalization of Classical Categorial Grammar
Part V. Intentionality, Sense and Consequence
Liliana ALBERTAZZI: Retrieving Intentionality: A Legacy from the Brentano School
Kazimierz TRZĘSICKI: Logical and Methodological Assumptions of the Ajdukiewicz’s and Kripke-Putnam’s Views of Meaning
Anna JEDYNAK: On Linguistic Relativism
Dale JACQUETTE: Tarski’s Analysis of Logical Consequence and Etchemendy’s Criticism of Tarski’s Modal Fallacy
Part VI. Truths and Falsehoods
Arianna BETTI: Sempiternal Truth. The Bolzano-Twardowski-Leśniewski Axis
Artur ROJSZCZAK: From the Act of Judging to the Sentence: The Truth-Bearer and the Objectivisation of Truth
Wojciech ŻEŁANIEC: What Does “Truth in Virtue of Meaning” Really Explain?
Józef MISIEK: Do We Need a Definition of Truth?
Part VII. Rationality: Its Criteria and Definition
Ryszard KLESZCZ: Criteria of Rationality
Mieszko TAŁASIEWICZ: On the Concept of Rationality


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