Science in Culture

Translated from the Polish by Hugh McDonald


This book tries to uncover science’s discoverer and explain why the conception of science has been changing during the centuries, and why science can be beneficial and dangerous for humanity. Far from being hermetic, this research can be interesting for all who want to understand deeper what really conditions the place of science in culture.
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Review Quote

" Science in Culture deserves to be studied as the masterful work it is in itself. It should also, however, be regarded as a seminal foundation for an evaluation of the postmodern condition of science." – in: Review of Metaphysics LXI/2 (December 2007) "This is an important book that looks at how the concept of science has been changing over the course of centuries. …[Jaroszynski] demonstrates how science, over time, became focused on serving utility and technocratic management rather than the idea of science being the search for truth. Jaroszynski’s look at the ideologies of liberalism, communism, and fascism, as modern examples of how people are willing to use science as the primary tool of ideology in order to achieve their goals, is enlightening … A well-organized work, derived from the evaluation of primary sources, very relevant to the university community at large. Highly recommended." – in: CHOICE – Current reviews for academic libraries 44/11 (July 2007) "Who discovered science? What conditions the place of science in culture? …Jaroszynski … illuminates the non-scientific contexts of the controversy over science and shows the influence of science in culture." – in: SciTech Book News, March 2007

Table of contents

List of Illustrations Foreword by Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec Preface by Tadeusz Kwiatkowski Introduction Acknowledgments Part One: The Rise of Theoretical Knowledge One. The Discovery of Science: Greece or the East? Two. Why the Greeks? Three. Bios Theoretikos Four. Philosophy’s Rise from Sensations to Wisdom Five. Knowledge and Opinion Six. Theoretical Features of the Object of Scientific Cognition Seven. Theoretical Justification Eight. Theoretical Proof Nine. Types of Science Part Two: The Hellenistic Deformation of Theoretical Knowledge Ten. Knowledge or Philosophy of the Sake of Praxis Eleven. Neo-Platonism: An End Beyond Knowledge Part Three: Philosophy and Theology in Relation to Revelation Twelve. Aversion to Pagan Authority Thirteen. Handmaiden to Theology Fourteen. Sacred Scripture and the Problem of Interpretation: The Sentences Fifteen. Metaphysics and Natural Theology Sixteen. Philosophy in the Service of Theology Part Four: Science: Toward Technology and Ideology Seventeen. The Problem of the Continuity of Science in the Middle Ages Eighteen. The Problem of Experimental Science in the Middle Ages Nineteen. The Mathematization of Scientific Knowledge Twenty. The Influence of Nominalism Part Five: Science as Technology Twenty-One. The Quest for an Earthly Paradise Twenty-Two. The End of Knowledge: Complete Utilitarianism Twenty-Three. The Influence of the East Twenty-Four. Science and Utopia: From the House of Solomon to the Royal Society Twenty-Five. A New Model of Scientific Knowledge Twenty-Six. Philosophy and Gnosticism Part Six: The Transformation of Philosophy into Ideology Twenty-Seven. Ideas–Concepts–Impressions Twenty-Eight. The War against Idols Twenty-Nine. The Critique of Catholicism and Metaphysics Thirty. Ideology and the New Social Order Thirty-One. Ideology: The Evolution of the Concept Part Seven: Toward a New World Order Thirty-Two. Kant: The World Before Reason’s Tribunal Thirty-Three. Auguste Comte: Toward a New Age Thirty-Four. Neopositivism at War with Metaphysics Thirty-Five. Science and the New World Order or Science in the Service of Globalism Part Eight: The Place of Science in Culture Thirty-Six. What is Culture? Thirty-Seven. The Domains of Culture Thirty-Eight. Ends, Limits, and Directions in the Growth of Science Thirty-Nine. Conclusion Notes Bibliography About the Author Index of Works Index of Authors, Editors, and Translators Index of Subjects Index of Names