The Journal of the European Society for Textual Scholarship


This is the 11th volume of Variants: the Journal of the European Society for Textual Scholarship. Founded in 2002, Variants provides an international, interdisciplinary and comparative forum for the theory and practice of textual scholarship without restriction as to language, region or period. With its traditionally strong focus on textual editing in the electronic era, this issue has no less than four articles on the frameworks, principles and aspects of state of the art digital editions and best practice in the use of computers in scholarly editing. Other contributions are devoted to the sociology of texts, authorial agency, modern codicology, and the problems of editing large text traditions in English, German, Lithuanian, Portuguese and Spanish literature and history.
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Table of contents

Essays Peter Shillingsburg: Development Principles for Virtual Archives and Editions Elena Pierazzo: Unpacking the Draft Page: A New Framework for Digital Editions of Draft Manuscripts Johanna Roelevink: Transparency, the Key to Sustainable Editing Stephanie Schlitz: Digital Texts, Metadata, and the Multitude: New Directions in Participatory Editing Sarah Neville: Nihil biblicum a me alienum puto: W. W. Greg, Bibliography, and the Sociology of Texts John Gouws: Bringing the Author and his Editors to Book: A Case Study of Fulke Greville João Dionísio: On the Matter of Authority in Almeida Garrett’s Frei Luís de Sousa Mikas Vaicekauskas: The Problem with Red Ink: The Marking of Prosodic Signs in Kristijonas Donelaitis’s Manuscripts Paulius V. Subačius: “Folded to fit into a pocket…”: Delivering a Sermon without Pulpit and Cassock Work in Progress Belén Almeida and Pedro Sánchez-Prieto: An Editiorial Challenge: The General Estoria of Alfonso the Wise Manuela Mayer: How to Edit an Editor? An Edition of the Learned Correspondence of the Brothers Pez Book Reviews Nicholas A. Sparks: Ars edendi: Lecture Series. Vol. 1. ed. Erika Kihlman and Denis Searby and Vol. 2. ed. Alessandra Bucossi and Erika Kihlman Pietro G. Beltrami: Ruth Harvey and Linda Paterson (in collaboration with Anna Radaelli et al.), eds. The Troubadour Tensos and Partimens: A Critical Edition Sarah Laseke: Lawrence Warner. The Lost History of Piers Plowman: The Earliest Transmission of Langland’s Work Amy Bowles: William Shakespeare, The Tragedie of Macbeth: A Frankly Annotated First Folio Edition, ed. Demitra Papadinis Andrew Frayn: The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Joseph Conrad. Gen. Eds. Allan H. Simmons and J. H. Stape. Tales of Unrest. Eds. Allan H. Simmons and J. H. Stape. Lord Jim. Eds. J. H. Stape and Ernest W. Sullivan II. Youth, Heart of Darkness, The End of the Tether. Ed. Owen Knowles Christof Schöch: Michael Poston and Rebecca Niles, eds., Folger Digital Texts Roger Osborne: The Mark Twain Project Online: Authoritative Texts, Documents, and Historical Research Patricio Ferrari: The History of Reading. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Volume 1, International Perspectives, c. 1500–1990. Eds. Shafquat Towheed and W. R. Owens. Volume 2, Evidence from the British Isles, c. 1750–1950. Eds. Katie Halsey and W. R. Owens. Volume 3, Methods, Strategies, Tactics. Eds. Rosalind Crone and Shafquat Towheed