One of the main challenges of our time is to be able to guarantee energy supply at a reasonable price. Policy makers, international institutions and the private sector increasingly look to the oceans as a significant source of energy. The Law of the Sea provides the legal framework within which any maritime activity is performed and strikes a balance between the multiple activities that can take place simultaneously in the same maritime zone. This volume addresses some of the main legal challenges raised by the expansion of the ocean energy sector and its consequences for the relevant international normative and institutional framework. Some of the major themes explored include energy sources and the competition for marine space, energy security, private actors and corporate social responsibility, fragmentation or integration, evolution and reinforcement of international law and liability.
Nigel Bankes is a Professor of Law at the University of Calgary, where he holds the chair in natural resources law, and an adjunct professor at the University of Tromsø, Norway. He has an honorary doctorate from the University of Akureyri, Iceland.
Seline Trevisanut is Assistant Professor of international law at Universiteit Utrecht. She holds a law degree from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Maitrise en Droit) and a PhD in international law from the University of Milan.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Energy from the Sea
Nigel Bankes and Seline Trevisanut
CHAPTER 1 – Energy Sovereignty in Marine Spaces
CHAPTER 2 – Mind the Gap in the GAIRS: The Role of Other Instruments in LOSC Regime Implementation in the Offshore Energy Sector
CHAPTER 3 – Energy from the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment: Treaty-Based Regimes and Ocean Corporate Social Responsibility
Angelica Bonfanti and Francesca Romanin Jacur
CHAPTER 4 – The Role of Private Actors in Offshore Energy: Shifting Models of Participation
CHAPTER 5 – Recent Framework Agreements for the Recognition and Development of Transboundary Hydrocarbon Resources
CHAPTER 6 – Harnessing Offshore Wind Energy: Legal Challenges and Policy Conundrums in the European Union
CHAPTER 7 – Regulating Offshore Energy Sources in the North Sea—Reinventing the Wheel or a Need for More Coordination?
Hannah Katharina Müller and Martha M. Roggenkamp
Anybody interested in energy law and policy, climate change, alternative energy and law of the sea; both policy makers and lawyers (academic and non-academic).