This wide-ranging contribution to the study of nationalism and the social history of music examines the relationship between choral societies and national mobilization in the nineteenth century. From Norway to the Basque country and from Wales to Bulgaria, this pioneering study explores and compares the ways choral societies influenced and reflected the development of national awareness under differing political and social circumstances. By the second half of the nineteenth century, organized communal singing became a primary leisure activity that attracted all layers of society. Though strongly patriotic in tone, choral societies borrowed from each other and relied heavily on prominent German or French models. This volume is the first to address both the national and transnational significance of choral singing.
Contributors are: Carmen De Las Cuevas Hevia, Jan Dewilde, Tomáš Kavka, Anne Jorunn Kydland, Krisztina Lajosi, Joep Leerssen, Sophie-Anne Leterrier, Jane Mallinson, Tatjana Marković, Fiona M. Palmer, Karel Šima, Andreas Stynen, Dominique Vidaud, Ivanka Vlaeva, Jozef Vos, Gareth Williams, Hana Zimmerhaklová.
Dr. Krisztine Lajosi is Senior Lecturer in Cultural History in the Department of European Studies at the University of Amsterdam. Her research focuses on the history of European nationalism and particularly on the relations between nationalism and various media. She is the author of Staging the Nation: Opera and Nationalism in 19th-Century Hungary (Brill, 2018) and has published widely on the relationship of nationalism and music. Her current research explores aspects of nationalism in the digital age.
Dr. Andreas Stynen is doctor assistant in the research unit ‘Cultural history since 1750’ at the University of Leuven. Though his PhD research was situated at the crossroads of urban and environmental history, in recent years he has focused mainly on the development of national movements (and their heritage) in Flanders and Europe. His bibliography also includes titles on commemorative practices, popular music and trans-Atlantic migration.
Acknowledgements ... vii
Notes on Contributors ... viii
Introduction ... 1
Krisztina Lajosi and Andreas Stynen
1 German Influences: Choirs, Repertoires, Nationalities ... 14
2 Choral Societies and Nationalist Mobilization in Nineteenth-Century France ... 33
3 Song in the Service of Politics and the Building of Norway ... 53
Anne Jorunn Kydland
4 Choral Societies and Nationalist Mobilization in the Nineteenth Century: A Scottish Perspective ... 70
5 Fighting Choirs: Choral Singing and the Emergence of a Welsh National Tradition, 1860–1914 ... 83
6 The Large-Scale Oratorio Chorus in Nineteenth-Century England: Choral Power and the Role of Handel’s Messiah ... 99
Fiona M. Palmer
7 National Art and Local Sociability: Dutch Male Choral Societies in the Nineteenth Century ... 111
8 The Choir Scene in Flemish Belgium in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century: The Vlaemsch-Duitsch Zangverbond ... 130
9 Choral Societies and Nationalist Mobilization in the Basque Country: The Orfeon Donostiarra ... 152
Carmen de las Cuevas Hevia
10 Choral Societies and Nationalist Mobilization in Catalonia, 1850–1930 ... 157
11 “By Means of Singing to the Heart, by Means of Heart to the Homeland”: Choral Societies and the Nationalist Mobilization of Czechs in the
Nineteenth Century ... 187
Karel Šima, Tomáš Kavka, and Hana Zimmerhaklová
12 Collapsing Stages and Standing Ovations: Hungarian Choral Societies and Sociability in the Nineteenth Century ... 206
13 Choral Societies and National Mobilization in the Serbian (Inter)national Network ... 225
14 Choral Societies and National Mobilization in Nineteenth-Century Bulgaria ... 241
Bibliography ... 261
Index ... 280
All interested in nationalism, choral singing, nineteenth-century cultural history, social history of music.