Dialect Atlas of North Yemen and Adjacent Areas

Series:

Since the author's publication of Die nordjemenitischen Dialekte. Teil 1: Atlas in 1985, a lot of new field work has been done in North Yemen and adjacent areas with new data especially from the extreme north of Yemen and neighbouring areas in Saudi Arabia. These are considered to be the most archaic Arabic dialect areas. The publication of a new atlas of the region in English therefore suggested itself. The atlas consists of 192 fully coloured maps with 30 phonetical and phonological maps, 100 morphological and 60 lexical ones. Depending on the subject the maps are accompanied by shorter or longer commentaries and paradigms. The book is of interest to Arabists, Semitists and dialectologists.

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Biographical Note

Peter Behnstedt, (PhD, 1973, University of Tübingen, Dr. habil., 1997, University of Hamburg) has published monographs, dialect atlases and many articles on Arabic dialects of Yemen, Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan. In collaboration with Manfred Woidich he co-authored the five volumes Die ägyptisch-arabischen Dialekte (Wiesbaden 1984–1999), Arabische Dialektgeographie (Brill,2005), and the three volumes of Wortatlas der arabischen Dialekte,/i> (Brill, 2011–2014).

Table of contents


Preface and Introduction.........................................................
Abbreviations ............................................................................
Index of Places ........................................................................
Maps and Commentaries ...........................................................

Phonology and Phonetics

001 Qåf .............................................................................................
002 ¯Úm ............................................................................................
003 ©Ayn ..........................................................................................
004 Ôayn ..........................................................................................
005 *¡ in ‘two (f.)’ ........................................................................
006 Íåd .............................................................................................
007 Reflexes of *∂ and *‹ ...........................................................
008 Kåf .............................................................................................
009 Låm ............................................................................................
010 † ‡ ∂ in pre- and intervocalic position ...............................
011 Desonorisation of geminates ...................................................
012 Anaptyctic vowel in -CR ......................................................
013 *-vCR ‡ Cvr ...........................................................................
014 Lowering of Ú and  in the environment of back consonants .........................................................................................
015 *Â ‡ ø, aw in ‘market’ ..........................................................
016 Reflexes of *ay and *aw .......................................................
017 Elision of i and u in unstressed open syllable after -≈C ..
018 Elision of i in unstressed open syllable after -vC ..............
019 -å in pause ...............................................................................
020 Feminine ending -a in pause: ‘bed’
021 Feminine ending ‘3 – 9’, bahmah, ≤um©ah ........................
022 Feminine ending of adjective: CaCiC ...................................
023 Feminine noun determined: ending ........................................
024 Lowering and lengthening of -iC and -uC in pause ..........
025 Pausal nasalisation ....................................................................
026 Pausal glottalisation of -≈C ....................................................
027 Accent in CvCvCv(C) .............................................................

Morphology

028 TanwÚn .......................................................................................
029 Noun: CaCaCah with pronominal suffixes ...........................
030 Noun: CåCah with pronominal suffixes ................................
031 Definite article ..........................................................................
032 Relative pronouns .....................................................................
033 Adjective: reflexes of CaCiC(un) ...........................................
034 Adjective/participle: gender sg. ..............................................
035 Plurals of †arÚg ‘way’ .............................................................
036 Plurals of πarÚ† ‘tape’ .............................................................
037 Plurals of ©amm ‘uncle’ ..........................................................

Pronouns

038 Feminine plurals of verbs and pronouns ..............................
039 Personal pronouns: 1.sg. ..........................................................
040 Personal pronouns: 2.sg.m. .....................................................
041 Personal pronouns: 2.sg.f. .......................................................
042 Personal pronouns: 3.sg.m.+f. .................................................
043 Personal pronouns: 1.pl. ..........................................................
044 Personal pronouns: 2.pl.m. ......................................................
045 Personal pronouns: 2.pl.f. ........................................................
046 Personal pronouns: 3.pl.m.+f. .................................................
047 Suffix pronouns: 1.sg.+pl. .......................................................
048 Suffix pronouns: 1.sg.c. ‘my father’, ‘my brother’ .............
049 Suffix pronouns: 1.sg. ‘behind me’ .......................................
050 Suffix pronouns: 2.sg.m. .........................................................
051 Suffix pronouns: 2.sg.f. ...........................................................
052 Suffix pronouns: 2.sg.f. ‘your father’, ‘your brother’ .........
053 Suffix pronouns: 2.sg.f. ‘behind you’, ‘your father’ ...........
054 Suffix pronouns: 3.sg.m. after -C, (-v) .................................
055 Suffix pronouns: 3.sg.f. after -C ............................................
056 Suffix pronouns: 1.pl.c. with noun..........................................
057a Suffix pronouns: 2., 3.pl.m.+f. .............................................
057b Suffix pronouns: 2., 3.pl.m.+f. .............................................
058 Suffix pronouns: 1.pl.c., 2.pl.m.+f., 3.pl.m.+f. after -vCC .
059 Suffix pronouns: 1.pl.c. after -vCC .......................................
060 Suffix pronouns: 3.sg.f. after -vCC .......................................
061 Suffix pronouns: 2.pl.m., 3.pl.m. after -vCC .......................
062 Suffix pronouns: 3.sg.f. after -≈C ..........................................
063 Suffix pronouns: 1.pl. after -≈C ............................................
064 Suffix pronouns: 2.pl.m., 3.pl.m. after -≈C ..........................

Demonstrative pronouns and adverbs

065a Demonstrative pronouns: proximal sg.m.+f. ........................
065b Demonstrative pronouns: proximal sg.m.+f. ........................
066a Demonstrative pronouns: proximal pl.m.+f. ........................
066b Demonstrative pronouns: proximal pl. m.+f. ......................
067a Demonstrative pronouns: distal sg.m.+f. ..............................
067b Demonstrative pronouns: distal sg.m.+f. .............................
068a Demonstrative pronouns: distal pl.m.+f. ..............................
068b Demonstrative pronouns: distal pl.m.+f. ..............................
069 ‘now’ .........................................................................................
070 ‘here’ .........................................................................................
071 ‘there’ ........................................................................................

Interrogatives

072 ‘what? (object)’ ........................................................................
073 ‘what? (subject m.+f.)’ ............................................................
074a ‘why?’ ......................................................................................
074b ‘why?’ ......................................................................................
075 ‘where?’ .....................................................................................
076 ‘where from?’ ...........................................................................
077 ‘whereto?’ ..................................................................................
078 ‘when?’ ......................................................................................
079 ‘who?’ ........................................................................................

Verbs

080 Verb I: i-type and i-type verbs final y ................................
081 Verb I: perfect 1.sg.c., 2.sg.m. .............................................
082 Verb I: perfect 2.sg.f. .............................................................
083 Verb I: a-type perfect 3.sg.f ..................................................
084 Verb I: a- and i-type perfect 3.sg.f. .....................................
085 Verbs : perfect 3.sg.f. (except geminate verbs) ...................
086 Geminate verbs: perfect 3.sg.f ................................................
087 Verb I: perfect 3.sg.f. + -v(C) ...............................................
088 Verb I: perfect 1.pl.c. + suffix pronoun ..............................
089 Verb I: perfect 2.pl.m. ............................................................
090 Verb I: perfect 2.pl.f. ..............................................................
091 Verb: perfect 3.pl.m. ...............................................................
092 Verb I: perfect 3.pl.f. ..............................................................
093 Verb I imperfect: prefixes .....................................................
094 Verb I: imperfect 2.sg.f., 2.pl.m.(c.), 3.pl.m.(c.) .................
095 Verb I: imperfect 2.pl.f., 3.pl.f. ............................................
096 Verbal prefixes: present .........................................................
097 Verbal prefixes: future ..........................................................
098 Verb derived themes: V, VI prefixes ..................................
99 Verb derived themes: VIII ....................................................
100 Hamzated verbs: ‘to eat’ perfect .........................................
101 Hamzated verbs: ‘to eat’ imperfect .....................................
102 Hamzated verbs: ‘to eat’ imperative ...................................
103 Verbs initial w: ‘to arrive’ imperfect ..................................
104 Verbs initial w: other examples, imperfect ..........................
105 Geminate verbs .........................................................................
106a Hollow verbs: perfect 1., 2.sg.m.+f. ....................................
106b Hollow verbs: perfect 1., 2.sg.m.+f. ....................................
107 Hollow verbs: active participle ..............................................
108 Hollow verbs: imperative ........................................................
109 Hollow verbs: imperfect .........................................................
110 Verbs final y: a- and i-type perfect .....................................
111a Verbs final y: a-type 1., 2.sg. perfect ................................
111b Verbs final y: a-type 1., 2.sg. perfect ................................
112a Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.sg.f. perfect ........................
112a Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.sg.f. perfect ........................
113 Verbs final y: i-type 3.sg.f. perfect ending ..........................
114a Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl.m. perfect ......................
114b Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl.m. perfect ......................
115 Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl.m. perfect, synopsis ........
116 Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl.f. perfect ..........................
117 Verbs final y: themes II and V ...........................................
118 Verbs final y: a- and i-type imperfect...................................
119 Verbs final y: a-type 2.sg.f., 2.pl.m. imperfect ...................
120 Verbs final y: i-type 2.sg.m., 2.sg.f., 2.pl.m.(c.) imperfect
121a Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl. imperfect ....................
121b Verbs final y: a- and i-type 3.pl. imperfect ....................
122 Verb ‘to come’ .......................................................................
123 Verb ‘to come’: 1.sg. perfect .................................................
124 Verb ‘to come’: 2.sg.m. perfect .............................................
125 Verb ‘to come’: 3.sg.f. perfect ..............................................
126a Verb ‘to come’: 3.pl.m.+f. perfect .......................................
126b Verb ‘to come’: 3.pl.m.+f. perfect........................................
127 Verb ‘to come’: 3.sg.m. imperfect ........................................
128 Verb ‘to come’: 2.sg.f., 2.pl.m.(c) imperfect ......................
129a Verb ‘to come’: 3.pl.m.+f. imperfect ..................................
129b Verb ‘to come’: 3.pl.m.+f. imperfect .................................
130a Verb ‘to come’: imperative sg.m.+f. ..................................
130b Verb ‘to come’: imperative sg.m.+f. ..................................
131a Verb ‘to come’: imperative pl.m.+f. ..................................
131b Verb ‘to come’: imperative pl.m.+f.....................................
132 Verb ‘to come’: participle sg.m.+f. ......................................

Lexicon

Particles, adverbs

133 ‘yes!’ ........................................................................................
134 ‘no!’ .........................................................................................
135 ‘much’ ......................................................................................
136 ‘there is’ ..................................................................................
137 ‘there isn't’ ..............................................................................
138 ‘right’ .......................................................................................
139 ‘left’ .........................................................................................
140 ‘yesterday’ ...............................................................................
141 ‘last night’ ..............................................................................
142 ‘tomorrow’ ..............................................................................

General nouns

143 ‘sun’ ........................................................................................
144 ‘moon’ .....................................................................................
145 ‘water’ .....................................................................................
146 ‘money’ ..................................................................................
148 ‘small shop’ ...........................................................................
148 ‘big Tihåmah couch with back’ .........................................
141 ‘breast’ ...................................................................................
150 ‘mouth’ ...................................................................................
151 ‘lip’ .........................................................................................
152 ‘nose’ ......................................................................................
153 ‘ear’ .........................................................................................
154 ‘hand’ .....................................................................................


Verbs

155 ‘to drink water’ ....................................................................
156 ‘to give’ ................................................................................
157 ‘to take (away)’ ...................................................................
158 ‘to make, to do’ ..................................................................
159a ‘to see’ ................................................................................
159b ‘to see’ ................................................................................
160 ‘to see’: reflexes of ra'å, 'arå 1.sg. perfect .......................
161a ‘look!’ ......................................................................................
161b ‘look!’ .....................................................................................
162 ‘to go to’ (in the morning / early afternoon / evening) ....
163 ‘to go to’ (i

Readership

All interested in Arabic dialectology, dialect geography in general, history of the Arabic language, Yemen studies.

Index Card

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