The history of the relation between religion and Enlightenment has been virtually rewritten In recent decades. The idea of a fairly unidirectional ‘rise of paganism’, or ‘secularisation’, has been replaced by a much more variegated panorama of interlocking changes—not least in the nature of both religion and rationalism. This volume explores developments in various cultural fields—from lexicology to geographical exploration, and from philosophy and history to theology, media and the arts—involved in the transformation of worldviews in the decades around 1700. The main focus is on the Dutch Republic, where discussion culture was more inclusive than in most other countries, and where people from very different walks of life joined the conversation.
Contributors include: Wiep van Bunge, Frank Daudeij, Martin Gierl, Albert Gootjes, Trudelien van ‘t Hof, Jonathan Israel, Henri Krop, Fred van Lieburg, Jaap Nieuwstraten, Joke Spaans, Jetze Touber, and Arthur Weststeijn.
Joke Spaans, Ph.D. (1989, Leiden University), is Associate Professor for the history of Christianity at Utrecht University. She publishes on early modern Dutch religious history — her most recent monograph is
Graphic Satire and Religious Change, The Dutch Republic 1676-1707 (Brill, 2011).
Jetze Touber, Ph.D. (2009, Groningen University), is Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of History, Ghent University. He has published on the interrelations between religion, scholarship and science in early modern Europe, including the monograph
Spinoza and Biblical Philology in the Dutch Republic (1660-1710) (Oxford University Press, 2018).
List of Illustrations About the Authors
Introduction: Enlightened Religion: From Confessional Churches to Polite Piety in the Dutch Republic Joke Spaans and Jetze Touber
PART 1: Trends
1 From Religion in the Singular to Religions in the Plural: 1700, a Faultline in the Conceptual History of Religion Henri Krop
2 Tracing the Human Past: The Art of Writing Between Human Ingenuity and Divine Agency in Early Modern World History Jetze Touber
3 Colonies of Concord: Religious Escapism and Experimentation in Dutch Overseas Expansion, ca. 1650–1700 Arthur Weststeijn
4 Negotiating Ideas: The Communicative Constitution of Pietist Theology within the Lutheran Church Martin Gierl
5 The Collegie der Sçavanten: A Seventeenth-Century Cartesian Scholarly Society in Utrecht Albert Gootjes
part 2: Individuals
6 “Let no citizen be treated as lesser, because of his confession”: Religious Tolerance and Civility in De Hooghe’s Spiegel van Staat (1706–7) Frank Daudeij
7 The Power of Custom and the Question of Religious Toleration in the Works of Marcus Zuerius Boxhorn (1612–1653): An Investigation into the Sources of the Transformation of Religion around 1700 Jaap Nieuwstraten
8 Romeyn de Hooghe’s Hieroglyphica: An Ambivalent Lexicographical History of Religion Trudelien van ’t Hof
9 Popularizing Radical Ideas in the Dutch Art World of the Early Eighteenth Century: Willem Goeree (1635–1711) and Arnold Houbraken (1660–1719) Jonathan Israel
10 Bayle’s Skepticism Revisited Wiep van Bunge
11 Between the Catechism and the Microscope: The World of Johannes Duijkerius Joke Spaans
12 Warning against the Pietists: The World of Wilhelmus à Brakel Fred van Lieburg
Cultural historians, historians of ideas, of philosophy, and of religion, interested in the debate over the place of religion in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century Dutch Republic. Keywords: controversy literature, epistolary culture, early modern knowledge cultures, Enlightenment encyclopedias, intellectual history, pietism, political theory, Romeijn de Hooghe, theology