This chronology for 2004 to 2013 compiles the chapters on Mozambique previously published in the
Africa Yearbook. Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara. The country has over the years remained one of the poorest, and poverty is not declining. But the discovery of huge gas fields could bring changes by the mid 2020s. During the period under review, the sheen began to fade from Mozambique's status as a donor darling, as donors increasingly objected to corruption while government was angered by donor impositions and took an increasingly autonomous line. The former liberation movement Frelimo remains the predominant party and has won all national elections, while two presidents have stepped down after two terms. The main opposition party Renamo retains an armed wing launching small military actions. A second opposition party gained control of four cities. A younger and better-educated generation that remembers neither the liberation struggle nor the 1982-92 civil war is beginning to challenge the established leadership.
Joseph Hanlon is visiting senior research fellow in Development at the Open University, Milton Keynes, England, and a visiting senior fellow at the Department of International Development of the London School of Economics. He has been writing about Mozambique since 1978. His most recent books are
Do Bicycles Equal Development in Mozambique (2008) and
Chickens and Beer: A Recipe for Agricultural Growth in Mozambique (2014). Since 1992 he has been editor of the Mozambique Political Process Bulletin. His Mozambique website is http://www.bit.ly/mozamb.
Students, politicians, diplomats, administrators, journalists, teachers, practitioners in the field of development aid as well as business people.