Language Contact and the Development of Modern Hebrew


Editor: Edit Doron
Language Contact and the Development of Modern Hebrew is a first rigorous attempt by scholars of Hebrew to evaluate the syntactic impact of the various languages with which Modern Hebrew was in contact during its formative years. Twenty-four different innovative syntactic constructions of Modern Hebrew are analysed, and shown to originate in previous stages of Hebrew, which, since the third century CE, solely functioned as a scholarly and liturgical language. The syntactic changes in the constructions are traced to the native languages of the first Modern Hebrew learners, and later to further reanalysis by the first generation of native speakers.
The contents of this volume was also published as a special double issue of Journal of Jewish Languages, 3: 1-2 (2015).

Contributors are: Vera Agranovsky, Chanan Ariel, Elitzur Bar-Asher Siegal, Miri Bar-Ziv, Isaac Bleaman, Nora Boneh, Edit Doron, Keren Dubnov, Itamar Francez, Roey Gafter, Ophira Gamliel, Yehudit Henshke, Uri Horesh, Olga Kagan, Samir Khalaily, Irit Meir, Yishai Neuman, Abed al-Rahman Mar'i, Malka Rappaport Hovav, Yael Reshef, Aynat Rubinstein, Ora Schwarzwald, Nimrod Shatil, Sigal Shlomo, Ivy Sichel, Moshe Taube, Avigail Tsirkin-Sadan, Shira Wigderson, and Yael Ziv.
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Biographical Note

Edit Doron, Ph.D. (1983, The University of Texas at Austin) is Professor of Linguistics and member of the Language, Logic and Cognition Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She has published articles on the syntax and semantics of Hebrew, Arabic, Neo-Aramaic, and French, and is currently co-editor of Brill’s Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics and associate editor of Theoretical Linguistics.

Table of contents

Developments in Phrasal Constructions
Elitzur Bar-Asher Siegal – What is new in the NP-strategy for expressing reciprocity reciprocity in Modern Hebrew, and what are its origins?
Miri Bar-Ziv and Vera Agranovsky -- The evolution of the structure of Free Relative Clauses in Modern Hebrew: Internal development and contact language influence
Chanan Ariel -- The expression of material constitution in Revival Hebrew
Keren Dubnov -- Circumstantial vs. Depictive secondary predicates in Literary Hebrew - the influence of Yiddish and Russian
Malka Rappaport Hovav -- A Constructional idiom in Modern Hebrew: the influence of English on a native Hebrew collocation
Nimrod Shatil -- The diachrony of Hebrew Quality Pseudo-partitives: Are they a calque of the contact languages?

Developments in Word Structure and Word Distribution
Yael Reshef -- On the impact of contact languages on the formation of the Hebrew superlative
Edit Doron & Irit Meir -- The impact of contact languages on the degrammaticalization of the Hebrew definite article
Uri Horesh and Roey Gafter – When the construction is axla, everything is axla: A case of combined lexical and structural borrowing from Arabic to Hebrew.
Einat Keren – From Negative Polarity to Negative Concord – Slavic footprints in the diachronic change of Hebrew meʔuma, klum and šum davar
Avigail Tsirkin-Sadan -- bixlal in Modern Hebrew: Inheritance and Slavic contact
Shira Wigderson – The sudden disappearance of nitpael and the rise of hitpael in Modern Hebrew, and the role of Yiddish in the process

Developments in Clause-structure and Its Constituents
Aynat Rubinstein, Ivy Sichel & Avigail Tsirkin-Sadan -- Superfluous negation in Modern Hebrew and its origins
Moshe Taube -- The usual suspects: Slavic, Yiddish and the accusative existentials and possessives in Modern Hebrew
Ophira Gamliel & Abed al-Rahman Mar'i -- Bleached verbs as aspectual auxiliaries in Colloquial Modern Hebrew and Arabic dialects
Olga Kagan – Predicate nominal sentences with the Hebrew ze and its Russian counterpart eto
Nora Boneh & Elitzur Bar-Asher Siegal -- Reconsidering the emergence of non‐core dative constructions in Modern Hebrew
Yishai Neuman -- Substrate sources and internal evolution of prescriptively unwarranted `comitative complements in Modern Hebrew

Developments in the Clausal Periphery
10 Isaac Bleaman – Verbal predicate fronting in Modern Hebrew and Yiddish
10 Yehudit Henshke – Patterns of dislocation: Judeo-Arabic syntactic influence on Modern Hebrew
13 Ora Schwarzwald & Sigal Shlomo – Modern Hebrew še- and Judeo-Spanish ke- (que-) in independent modal constructions
10 Itamar Francez – Modern Hebrew lama-še interrogatives and their Judeo-Spanish origins
13 Samir Khalaily and Edit Doron – Colloquial Modern Hebrew doubly-marked interrogatives and the contact with Arabic and Neo-Aramaic dialects
17 Yael Ziv -- The right periphery in Colloquial Hebrew: Effects of spoken modality and contact languages


All who are interested in Hebrew, Modern-Hebrew, Revival-Hebrew, historical-linguistics, language-revival, language-contact, language-change, syntactic-change, diachronic-syntax, substrate, borrowing, calque, revernacularization, grammaticalization, degrammaticalization and Jewish languages.