Medical Practice, 1600-1900

Physicians and Their Patients


Drawing in particular on physicians’ casebooks, Medical Practices, 1600-1900 studies the changing nature of ordinary medical practice in early modern Europe. Combining case studies on individual German, Austrian and Swiss practitioners with a comparative analysis across the centuries, it offers the first comprehensive and systematic overview of the major aspects of premodern practitioners daily work and business – from diagnostic and therapeutic approaches and the kinds of patients treated to financial issues, record keeping and their place in contemporary society.
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Biographical Note

Martin Dinges, Prof. Dr. phil., deputy director of the Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung, Stuttgart, associate professor for modern history at the Universität Mannheim. Academic training: law, history and political science in Cologne, Mainz, Bonn, Berlin and Bordeaux, Ph.D in history (Freie Universität Berlin, 1986), habilitation in modern history (Mannheim, 1991).

Kay Peter Jankrift, Prof. Dr. phil., associate professor for medieval history at the Universität Münster. Academic training: history, semitic languages and islamic science at the universities of Münster and Tel Aviv, PhD in medieval history (Münster, 1995), habilitation in medieval history (Münster, 2002).

Sabine Schlegelmilch, Dr. phil., Assistant professor at Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Universität Würzburg. Academic training: classics and German literature in Würzburg and London. Interdisciplinary PhD in classics, archeology, egyptology (Würzburg, 2008).

Michael Stolberg, Prof. Dr. med. Dr. phil., head of the Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Universität Würzburg. Academic training: MD-thesis in history of medicine (Munich, 1986), habilitation in medical history and medical sociology (Munich 1992), PhD in history (Munich, 1994).

Table of contents

Martin Dinges and Michael Stolberg

1 Cornucopia Officinae Medicae: Medical Practice Records and Their Origin
Volker Hess and Sabine Schlegelmilch
2 Doctors and Their Patients in the Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries
Marion Baschin, Elisabeth Dietrich-Daum and Iris Ritzmann
3 Daily Business: The Organization and Finances of Doctors’ Practices
Philipp Klaas, Hubert Steinke and Alois Unterkircher
4 Medicine in Practice: Knowledge, Diagnosis and Therapy
Annemarie Kinzelbach, Stephanie Neuner and Karen Nolte
5 Medical Practice in Context: Religion, Family, Politics and Scientific Networks
Ruth Schilling and Kay Peter Jankrift

6 ‘What a Magnificent Work a Good Physician is’: The Medical Practice of Johannes Magirus (1615–1697)
Sabine Schlegelmilch
7 Observationes et Curationes Nurimbergenses: The Medical Practice of Johann Christoph Götz (1688–1733)
Annemarie Kinzelbach, Susanne Grosser, Kay Peter Jankrift and Marion Ruisinger
8 Social Mobility and Medical Practice: Johann Friedrich Glaser (1707–1789)
Ruth Schilling
9 Medical Bedside Training and Healthcare for the Poor in the Würzburg and Göttingen Policlinics in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Stephanie Neuner and Karen Nolte
10 Unlicensed Practice: A Lay Healer in Rural Switzerland
Alois Unterkircher and Iris Ritzmann
11 Administrative and Epistemic Aspects of Medical Practice: Caesar Adolf Bloesch (1804–1863)
Lina Gafner
12 Franz von Ottenthal: Local Integration of an Alpine Doctor’s Private Practice (1847–1899)
Elisabeth Dietrich-Daum, Marina Hilber and Eberhard Wolff
13 A Special Kind of Practice? The Homeopath Friedrich von Bönninghausen (1828–1910)
Marion Baschin


Historians and students interested in the history of premodern medicine and anyone – including medical practitioners – interested in the history of doctors, medical practice and the doctor-patient-relationship.


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