Challenges of the Changing Arctic

Continental Shelf, Navigation, and Fisheries


The law and policy for the Arctic are increasingly of international interest, largely due to the melting of the Arctic ice cap. Challenges of the Changing Arctic: Continental Shelf, Navigation, and Fisheries includes contributions from global specialists dealing with the geomorphologic context, maritime delimitation and specialized topics raised by promising oil and gas prospects, particularly in the extensive continental shelf presented by Russia to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. Arctic shipping has entered a novel, untested phase with keen interest in the opening of ice free shipping lanes and proposed regulatory regimes. Fish in the North Atlantic are moving north disrupting historic fishing patterns as well as traditional fish stocks. Agreements on the allocation of shared fish stocks pose significant management challenges. Both littoral and non-littoral user nations are concerned with maritime security as well as search and rescue preparations given the anticipated increased use of the Arctic Ocean.

These and many other of the most pressing issues are addressed in this important volume, making it a must-read for all those interested in environmental law and the law of the sea.

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Myron H. Nordquist is the Associate Director and Editor of the Center for Oceans Law and Policy, and Senior Fellow at the Center for National Security Law at the University of Virginia School of Law. He is Editor-in-Chief of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982: a Commentary, the seven-volume “Virginia Commentary” series, plus a Supplementary Documents volume.
John Norton Moore is the Walter L. Brown Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law where he directs the Center for Oceans Law and Policy. Among seven presidential appointments, he served as Chairman, NSC Interagency Task Force on the Law of the Sea; United States Ambassador and Deputy Special Representative of the President to the Law of the Sea Conference (1973-76); and was a Member of the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere (1984-85).
Ronán Long holds the Jean Monnet Chair of European Law at the School of Law at NUI Galway and lectures on EU Law, International Law, Planning and Environmental Law, Law of the Sea and European Fisheries Law. He has also lectured at the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy and is a supervisor of advanced academic research under the United Nations - The Nippon Foundation of Japan Fellowship Programme.
Setting the Context

1. Notes on Challenges of the Changing Arctic: Continental Shelf, Navigation, and Fisheries
Liv Holmefjord
2. The Arctic and the Present Geopolitical Situation
Hans Corell
Part I
Arctic Continental Shelf
3. The Arctic Continental Shelf and Its Evolving Morphologic Context
Larry Mayer
4. The Law and Politics of the Lomonosov Ridge
Michael Byers
5. The Delimitation of the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles in the Arctic Ocean: Recent Developments, Applicable Law and Possible Outcomes
Alex G. Oude Elferink
6. Probabilistic Risk Assessment: Concepts and Applications
Dennis Bley
Part II
Arctic Continental Shelf Petroleum
7. Russia’s Energy Policy in the Arctic Region and China’s Opportunities
Kuen-chen Fu
8. A Sustainable Approach to the Arctic
Erik Haaland
9. Environmental Aspects of Hydrocarbon Exploration in the Arctic
Stephen A. Macko
Part III
Arctic Shipping
10. Arctic Shipping - Still Icy
Knut Einar Skodvin
11. Necessary Conditions for the Commercialization of Arctic Shipping
Sung Woo LEE
12. Arctic Navigation: Recent Developments
J. Ashley Roach
13. Comparison of Arctic Navigation Administration between Russia and Canada
Leilei ZOU
Part IV
Other Arctic Related Topics
14. Finding Refuge in the Exceptional: Using Public Morality as a Basis for Managing Natural Resources in the Arctic
Elizabeth Whitsitt
15. The Changing Arctic and an Adaptive Approach to the Protection of Arctic Marine Ecosystems
Guifang (Julia) XUE and Yu LONG
16. Arctic Governance: Reflections on the Evolving Tableau of EU Law and Policy Measures
Ronán Long
17. A Note on Arctic Ocean Regional Governance
Ted L. McDorman
Part V
Changing Fisheries: Northeast Atlantic and Arctic Ocean
18. Changes in Distribution and Migration of Fish Stocks in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean Due to Climate Variations
Jóhann Sigurjónsson
19. International Regulation of Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries
Erik J. Molenaar
20. Assertion of Entitlement to Shared Fish Stocks
Bjørn Kunoy
Part VI
Regional Fisheries Management: Agreements on Allocation of Shared Fish Stocks
21. Freedom of Fishing on the High Seas, and the Relevance of Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs)
Stefán Ásmundsson
22. Allocation of Fishing Rights: Principles and Alternative Procedures
Tore Henriksen
23. Managing Shared Migratory Stocks: the Case of the Atlantic Mackerel
Rögnvaldur Hannesson

Part VI I
Related Law of the Sea Issues

24. UNCLOS Dispute Settlement Regime and Arctic Legal Issues
Robert Beckman
25. Russian Maritime Security Law along the Northern Sea Route: Giving Shape to Article 234 in the Law of the Sea Convention
James Kraska
26. Comments on the Three-stage Approach of Maritime Delimitation
Chuanxiang SUN
All those interested in current issues related to the Law of the Sea.