The Economy of Medieval Hungary

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The Economy of Medieval Hungary is the first concise, English-language volume about the economic life of medieval Hungary. It is a product of the cooperation of specialists representing various disciplines of medieval studies, including archaeologists, archaeozoologists, specialists in medieval demography, historical hydrologists, climate and environmental historians, as well as archivists and church historians. The twenty-five chapters of the book focus on structures of medieval economy, different means and ways of human-nature interactions in production, and offer an overview of the different spheres of economic life, with a particular emphasis on taxation, income and commercial activity. Thanks to its interdisciplinary character, this volume is a basic handbook for the history of economy, production and material culture.

Contributors are Krisztina Arany, László Bartosiewicz, Zoltán Batizi, Anna Zsófia Biller, Péter Csippán, László Daróczi-Szabó, Márta Daróczi-Szabó, István Draskóczy, István Feld, László Ferenczi, Erika Gál, Márton Gyöngyössy, István Kenyeres, István Kováts, András Kubinyi, Kyra Lyublyanovics, Árpád Nógrády, Éva Ágnes Nyerges, István Petrovics, Zsolt Pinke, Beatrix F. Romhányi, Katalin Szende, László Szende, Magdolna Szilágyi, Csaba Tóth, and Boglárka Weisz.

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József Laszlovszky is Professor of Medieval Studies at the Central European University, Budapest, and director of its Cultural Heritage Program. His research interests are monastic archaeology, preservation of cultural heritage as well as English–Hungarian relations in the Middle Ages.
Balázs Nagy is Associate Professor of Medieval History at the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, and visiting faculty member at the Department of Medieval Studies at the Central European University, Budapest. His main research interests are medieval economic and urban history.
Péter Szabó is Deputy Head at the Department of Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Brno. His main research interests are historical ecology and environmental history.
András Vadas is Assistant Professor of Medieval History at the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest. His research interests are environmental, economic and urban history of the Middle Ages and the early modern period.
''The present volume provides a general introduction to the economic history of medieval Hungary. It serves as starting point for further investigations focused on more specific issues of economic history in general''. - Peter Bučko, in: The Czech Historical Review, 3 (2019).
"The book’s perspective is panoramic, multidimensional, and precise[…] a gold mine of knowledge, lucidly presented, about the economic life of the Kingdom of Hungary. It fully merits the status of obligatory reading, for medieval historians in general—including, but also well beyond, those specializing in this subject. In addition, the book contains a trove of evidence useful for a comparative history of the economy of the medieval world". Grzegorz Myśliwski, in: Speculum, 95, 3 (2020).
"This is why this large book, edited by József Laszlovszky, Balázs Nagy, Péter Szabó nd András Vadas, is important, for it offers a guide to what is actually taken for granted by Hungarian scholars; it is, finally, a way into the economic history of the whole period between c.900, with the Magyar invasion, and 1526, with the defeat of Louis II in battle against the Ottomans. [...] You cannot do without this book if you want to know about the economy of (particularly late medieval) central Europe as a whole." Chris Wickham in English Historical Review, CXXXV. 573, April 2020 (doi:10.1093/ehr/ceaa013).
"...ova knjiga predstavlja a must read za sve povjesničare i amatere povijesti koji se bave nekim od aspekata bilo gospodarske povijesti, bilo ekohistorije ili pak historijske geografije ove regije u srednjemu vijeku." (…this book is a must-read for all historians, all those who are interested in history and who deal with some aspects of economic, ecological history or historical geography of this region in the Middle Ages.) Petra Vručina in Povijesni prilozi 57:159-162.

"Der anzuzeigende Band stellt die erste umfassende Gesamtdarstellung der Wirtschaftsgeschichte des mittelalter lichen Königreichs Ungarn in englischer Sprache dar. Das Werk ist ein hochwillkommener Überblick für Studierende und Forscherinnen, die des Ungarischen nicht mächtig sind. Sein Verdienst geht jedoch weit darüber hinaus. Die Hrsg. haben 30 Spezialist*innen unterschiedlicher Fachrichtungen versammelt(neben der mittelalterlichen Geschichte sind Archäologie, Archäozoologie, Demografie, Hydrologie und Numismatik sowie verschiedene historische Teildisziplinen wie die Umwelt und Klimageschichte vertreten). Das Ergebnis dieser interdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit überzeugt durchweg". Alexandra Kaar, in Journal of East Central European Studies 69 (3), 2020.
Note on Names
Acknowledgements
List of Figures and Tables
Abbreviations
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Hungarian Medieval Economic History: Sources, Research and Methodology
József Laszlovszky, Balázs Nagy, Péter Szabó and András Vadas

Part 1 Structure


1 Long-Term Environmental Changes in Medieval Hungary: Changes in Settlement Areas and Their Potential Drivers
László Ferenczi, József Laszlovszky, Zsolt Pinke, Péter Szabó and András Vadas
2 Demographic Issues in Late Medieval Hungary: Population, Ethnic Groups, Economic Activity
András Kubinyi and József Laszlovszky
3 Mobility, Roads and Bridges in Medieval Hungary
Magdolna Szilágyi

Part 2 Human-Nature Interaction in Production


4 Agriculture in Medieval Hungary
József Laszlovszky
5 Animal Exploitation in Medieval Hungary
László Bartosiewicz, Anna Zsófia Biller, Péter Csippán, László Daróczi-Szabó, Márta Daróczi-Szabó, Erika Gál, István Kováts, Kyra Lyublyanovics and Éva Ágnes Nyerges
6 Mining in Medieval Hungary
Zoltán Batizi
7 Salt Mining and Trade in Hungary before the Mongol Invasion
Beatrix F. Romhányi
8 Salt Mining and the Salt Trade in Medieval Hungary from the mid-Thirteenth Century until the End of the Middle Ages
István Draskóczy
9 The Extent and Management of Woodland in Medieval Hungary
Péter Szabó
10 Water Management in Medieval Hungary
László Ferenczi

Part 3 Money, Incomes and Management


11 Royal Revenues in the Árpádian Age
Boglárka Weisz
12 Seigneurial Dues and Taxation Principles in Late Medieval Hungary
Árpád Nógrády
13 Minting, Financial Administration and Coin Circulation in Hungary in the Árpádian and Angevin Periods (1000–1387)
Csaba Tóth
14 Coinage and Financial Administration in Late Medieval Hungary (1387–1526)
Márton Gyöngyössy

Part 4 Spheres of Production


15 The Ecclesiastic Economy in Medieval Hungary
Beatrix F. Romhányi
16 The Urban Economy in Medieval Hungary
Katalin Szende
17 The Medieval Market Town and Its Economy
István Petrovics
18 Crafts in Medieval Hungary
László Szende
19 The Economy of Castle Estates in the Late Medieval Kingdom of Hungary
István Kenyeres

Part 5 Trade Relations


20 Domestic Trade in the Árpádian Age
Boglárka Weisz
21 Professional Merchants and the Institutions of Trade: Domestic Trade in Late Medieval Hungary
András Kubinyi
22 Import Objects as Sources of the Economic History of Medieval Hungary
István Feld
23 Foreign Trade of Medieval Hungary
Balázs Nagy
24 Foreign Business Interests in Hungary in the Middle Ages
Krisztina Arany

Appendix
List of References
Index of Geographic Names
Index of Personal Names
Scholars of medieval economic history, students at different levels and general audience interested in the history of the medieval economic life, agriculture, urban economy, as well as those concerned with East Central European and Hungarian history in general can use this volume as a basic reference work.