The Economy of Medieval Hungary is the first concise, English-language volume about the economic life of medieval Hungary. It is a product of the cooperation of specialists representing various disciplines of medieval studies, including archaeologists, archaeozoologists, specialists in medieval demography, historical hydrologists, climate and environmental historians, as well as archivists and church historians. The twenty-five chapters of the book focus on structures of medieval economy, different means and ways of human-nature interactions in production, and offer an overview of the different spheres of economic life, with a particular emphasis on taxation, income and commercial activity. Thanks to its interdisciplinary character, this volume is a basic handbook for the history of economy, production and material culture.
Contributors are Krisztina Arany, László Bartosiewicz, Zoltán Batizi, Anna Zsófia Biller, Péter Csippán, László Daróczi-Szabó, Márta Daróczi-Szabó, István Draskóczy, István Feld, László Ferenczi, Erika Gál, Márton Gyöngyössy, István Kenyeres, István Kováts, András Kubinyi, Kyra Lyublyanovics, Árpád Nógrády, Éva Ágnes Nyerges, István Petrovics, Zsolt Pinke, Beatrix F. Romhányi, Katalin Szende, László Szende, Magdolna Szilágyi, Csaba Tóth, and Boglárka Weisz.
József Laszlovszky is Professor of Medieval Studies at the Central European University, Budapest, and director of its Cultural Heritage Program. His research interests are monastic archaeology, preservation of cultural heritage as well as English–Hungarian relations in the Middle Ages.
Balázs Nagy is Associate Professor of Medieval History at the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, and visiting faculty member at the Department of Medieval Studies at the Central European University, Budapest. His main research interests are medieval economic and urban history.
Péter Szabó is Deputy Head at the Department of Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Brno. His main research interests are historical ecology and environmental history.
András Vadas is Assistant Professor of Medieval History at the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest. His research interests are environmental, economic and urban history of the Middle Ages and the early modern period.
Table of contents
Note on Names Acknowledgements List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Hungarian Medieval Economic History: Sources, Research and Methodology József Laszlovszky, Balázs Nagy, Péter Szabó and András Vadas
Part 1 Structure
Long-Term Environmental Changes in Medieval Hungary: Changes in Settlement Areas and Their Potential Drivers László Ferenczi, József Laszlovszky, Zsolt Pinke, Péter Szabó and András Vadas 2
Demographic Issues in Late Medieval Hungary: Population, Ethnic Groups, Economic Activity András Kubinyi and József Laszlovszky 3
Mobility, Roads and Bridges in Medieval Hungary Magdolna Szilágyi
Part 2 Human-Nature Interaction in Production
Agriculture in Medieval Hungary József Laszlovszky 5
Animal Exploitation in Medieval Hungary László Bartosiewicz, Anna Zsófia Biller, Péter Csippán, László Daróczi-Szabó, Márta Daróczi-Szabó, Erika Gál, István Kováts, Kyra Lyublyanovics and Éva Ágnes Nyerges 6
Mining in Medieval Hungary Zoltán Batizi 7
Salt Mining and Trade in Hungary before the Mongol Invasion Beatrix F. Romhányi 8
Salt Mining and the Salt Trade in Medieval Hungary from the mid-Thirteenth Century until the End of the Middle Ages István Draskóczy 9
The Extent and Management of Woodland in Medieval Hungary Péter Szabó 10
Water Management in Medieval Hungary László Ferenczi
Part 3 Money, Incomes and Management
Royal Revenues in the Árpádian Age Boglárka Weisz 12
Seigneurial Dues and Taxation Principles in Late Medieval Hungary Árpád Nógrády 13
Minting, Financial Administration and Coin Circulation in Hungary in the Árpádian and Angevin Periods (1000–1387) Csaba Tóth 14
Coinage and Financial Administration in Late Medieval Hungary (1387–1526) Márton Gyöngyössy
Part 4 Spheres of Production
The Ecclesiastic Economy in Medieval Hungary Beatrix F. Romhányi 16
The Urban Economy in Medieval Hungary Katalin Szende 17
The Medieval Market Town and Its Economy István Petrovics 18
Crafts in Medieval Hungary László Szende 19
The Economy of Castle Estates in the Late Medieval Kingdom of Hungary István Kenyeres
Part 5 Trade Relations
Domestic Trade in the Árpádian Age Boglárka Weisz 21
Professional Merchants and the Institutions of Trade: Domestic Trade in Late Medieval Hungary András Kubinyi 22
Import Objects as Sources of the Economic History of Medieval Hungary István Feld 23
Foreign Trade of Medieval Hungary Balázs Nagy 24
Foreign Business Interests in Hungary in the Middle Ages Krisztina Arany
Appendix List of References Index of Geographic Names Index of Personal Names
Scholars of medieval economic history, students at different levels and general audience interested in the history of the medieval economic life, agriculture, urban economy, as well as those concerned with East Central European and Hungarian history in general can use this volume as a basic reference work.