Drums of War, Drums of Development: The Formation of a Pacific Ruling Class and Industrial Transformation in East and Southeast Asia, 1945-1980

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Author: Jim Glassman
In Drums of War, Drums of Development, Jim Glassman analyses the geopolitical economy of industrial development in East and Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War era, showing how it was shaped by the collaborative planning of US and Asian elites. Challenging both neo-liberal and neo-Weberian accounts of East Asian development, Glassman offers evidence that the growth of industry (the 'East Asian miracle') was deeply affected by the geopolitics of war and military spending (the 'East Asian massacres'). Thus, while Asian industrial development has been presented as providing models for emulation, Glassman cautions that this industrial dynamism was a product of Pacific ruling class manoeuvring which left a contradictory legacy of rapid growth, death, and ongoing challenges for development and democracy.

Shortlisted for the 2019 Deutscher Memorial Prize

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Jim Glassman, Ph.D. (1999), University of Minnesota, is Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia. He has authored two previous books on development issues in Asia, Thailand at the Margins (Oxford, 2004), and Bounding the Mekong (University of Hawai'i Press, 2010).
Shortlisted for the 2019 Deutscher Memorial Prize

"This is an important and authoritative account of economic development and the transnational ruling class in East and Southeast Asia." - Kevin Hewison, University of North Carolina at Chapel and University of Macau, in: Journal of Contemporary Asia 51/2 (2021) [ Full review]
Acknowledgements
List of Figures, Tables and Plates
List of Abbreviations

Introduction: From the Drums of War to the Drums of Development
A Moment in the Cold War with China: 2006
History in the Present Tense
Industrial Transformation and Developmental States
Development, Industrialisation, and Social Struggle
Drums of War, Drums of Development: The Chapters

Part 1 Theoretical Moorings: Geo-political Economy, the Military-Industrial Complex, and the Ruling Class



1 Reconstituting Geo-political Economy
Introduction
Geo-political Economy and Class
Geo-political Economy and Transnational Politics
Geo-political Economy and ‘Actually Existing Globalisation’
Methodological Moorings in Geo-political Economy
Strategic-Relational Geo-political Economies of the Conjuncture

2 The US Military-Industrial Complex and the Ruling Class
Introduction
Theorising War and Capitalist Class Transformation
Class Fractions and Specialists in Violence
Theorising the Development of the US Military-Industrial Complex
The Concept of ‘the Ruling Class’
The Ruling Class and the MIC Personified: Van Fleet, Bonny, and Komer
The Ruling Class: A Unity-in-Diversity
From the US MIC to the Pacific Ruling Class

Part 2 Foundations of The Pacific Ruling Class and East Asian Industrialisation: Anticommunism and the Formation of Construction States in East Asia



3 Pacific Ruling Class Formation: The United States, Japan, and China
Introduction: Producing a Pacific Ruling Class
Anticommunism: The Cement of the Pacific Ruling Class Alliance
The United States and Japan: From Occupation to Alliance
The United States, the Two Chinas, and Vietnam
Fateful Triangle: The United States, Japan, and China
Wars and Rumours of Wars: Korea, Vietnam, and the Middle East
Conclusion

4 Expansion of the Pacific Complex: The Entry of the South Korean Chaebol
Jim Glassman with Young-Jin Choi
Introduction: Negotiating the MIC in South Korea
Reconceptualising the Korean Developmental State and Chaebol Networks
The Geo-political Economy of the Park Chung Hee Regime
The Korean Chaebol Enter the Pacific Ruling Class
Military Capitalism and the South Korean Construction State
Conclusion

Part 3 The Pacific Ruling Class and Regional Development: Expansion of the Pacific Ruling Class and Authoritarian, Anticommunist Developmentalism



5 Regional Allies and Differing Developmental Paths within the Complex: Taiwan, Thailand, the Philippines, and Singapore
Introduction
Marginalising the ROC Military Elite: The Vietnam War and the Transformation of the Taiwanese Developmental State
Southeast Asian Differences
Conclusion: Different Constructions of National Developmentalism

6 Regional Mosaic: War, Hierarchy, and Pacific Ruling Class Formation
Introduction
Flying Geese or Fighter Squadron? A Geo-political Economy of Regional Hierarchy
Rituals of Diplomacy, Cultures of Difference, and Regional Hierarchy
Anticommunism and Authoritarian Developmentalism in East Asia
From Orientalism to Modernisation to Asian Values
Conclusion

Conclusion: The Drums of Development and Capitalist Globalisation
Reprise
The Philippines: Neo-colonial Redux and Violent Devolution
Thailand: The Revenge of the Royalists
South Korea: Securitising Politics
Taiwan: The Return of the Guomindang, and the DPP
Japan: The Rise of ‘Abenomics’ and Japanese Remilitarisation
The United States: From the ‘War on Terror’ to the ‘Pivot to Asia’
China: Back to Shanghai
Regional Frictions
Conclusion

Bibliography
Index
Scholars and others interested in East Asian development, US foreign policy in the region, the Vietnam War, critical state theory, and processes of industrialization and social struggle in developing countries.