Argentine Jews in the Age of Revolt

Between the New World and the Third World


Argentine Jews in the Age of Revolt traces the ongoing efforts among Argentine Jews to rethink the Argentine nation, Jewish membership in it, and the nature of Jewishness itself from 1955 to 1983. Beginning with the celebrations around the supposed triumph of the “liberal nation” after the overthrow of Juan Perón, this study examines Jewish activists’ discourse through years of rapid transitions between civil and military rule, massive social protest, escalating violence, and finally the brutal military dictatorship of 1976 to1983. It argues that these were crucial years in which Jewish activists forcefully discarded previous understandings of the nation and pioneered novel definitions of Jewishness and Zionism designed to resonate in a Latin America upended by revolutionary ferment.

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Biographical Note

Beatrice D. Gurwitz holds a Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Berkeley. Her writing on ethnicity in Latin America has appeared in scholarly journals and collected volumes, including The New Jewish Argentina (Brill, 2012).

Table of contents

List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1. The New World: The Fall of Perón and The Triumph of Liberal Argentina, 1955–1960
Chapter 2. Nationalism, Populism and the Demise of the Liberal Nation, 1961–1966
Chapter 3. Youth, Identity and the Making of the Latin American Jew
Chapter 4. The Challenge of the New Left: Anti-Zionism and A Captivated Youth, 1967–1973
Chapter 5. Third-World Zionism: National Liberation and the Revolutionary Vanguard, 1967–1973
Chapter 6. Jewish Radicalism Revised: Guerillas, Terrorism and Dictatorship, 1973–1977
Epilogue. October 1983 and the Politics of Forgetting


All interested in 20th century Jewish history, 20th century Latin American history, global youth rebellion of the 1960s and 1970s, and ethnic and diaspora studies.

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