Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue

Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue assembles the most complete range of studies on Socrates and the Socratic dialogue. It focuses on portrayals of Socrates, whether as historical figure or protagonist of ‘Socratic dialogues’, in extant and fragmentary texts from Classical Athens through Late Antiquity. Special attention is paid to the evolving power and texture of the Socratic icon as it adopted old and new uses in philosophy, biography, oratory, and literature. Chapters in this volume focus on Old Comedy, Sophistry, the first-generation Socratics including Plato and Xenophon, Aristotle and Aristoxenus, Epicurus and Stoicism, Cicero and Persius, Plutarch, Apuleius and Maximus, Diogenes Laertius, Libanius, Themistius, Julian, and Proclus.
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Biographical Note

Alessandro Stavru, Ph.D. (2003) Naples, holds a teaching appointment at Bocconi University (Milan). He has published extensively on Socrates, the Socratics, ancient and modern aesthetics, and the History of Classical Scholarship. He has organized with Livio Rossetti the series of Socratica conferences and edited the Proceedings arising from them (2008, 2010, 2013). He belongs to the Editorial Board of the International Socrates Studies (ISS).

Christopher Moore, Ph.D. (2008) University of Minnesota, is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Classics at the Pennsylvania State University, and has written frequently on Heraclitus, Aristophanes, Socrates and the Socratics, and Plato, including Socrates and Self-Knowledge (Cambridge, 2015).

Table of contents

Abbreviations

Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue: An Overview from the First-Generation Socratics to Neoplatonism
Christopher Moore and Alessandro Stavru

Around Socrates



A Sage on the Stage: Socrates and Athenian Old Comedy
Jacques A. Bromberg

Aristophanes’ Iconic Socrates
Andrea Capra

Protagorean Socrates, Socratic Protagoras: A Narrative Strategy from Aristophanes to Plato
Michele Corradi

Isocrates as a Reader of Socratic Dialogues
David J. Murphy

The Origins of the Socratic Dialogue: Plato, Xenophon, and the Others
James M. Redfield

The Immediate Socratic Circle



On the Dialectical Character of Antisthenes’ Speeches Ajax and Odysseus in the Context of Socratic Literature
Vladislav Suvák

Socratism and Eleaticism in Euclides of Megara
Aldo Brancacci

Aristippus on Freedom, Autonomy, and the Pleasurable Life
Kristian Urstad

Shock, Erotics, Plagiarism, and Fraud: Aspects of Aeschines of Sphettus’ Philosophy
Claudia Mársico

Phaedo of Elis: The Biography, Zopyrus, and His Intellectual Profile
Danilo Di Lanzo

Plato



Plato and the Socratics
Luc Brisson

Philosopher Socrates? Philosophy at the Time of Socrates and the Reformed Philosophia of Plato
Livio Rossetti

A Literary Challenge: How to Represent Socrates’ Daimonion
Stefano Jedrkiewicz

The Logical Structure of Socrates’ Expert-Analogies
Petter Sandstad

Crying for Help: Socrates as Silenus in the Euthydemus
Michael Erler

Socrates and Natural Philosophy: The Testimony of Plato’s Phaedo
Jörn Müller

Bios Praktikos and Bios Theôrêtikos in Plato’s Gorgias
Ivan Jordović

The Socratic Dubia
Harold Tarrant

Notes on Lovers
Sandra Peterson

Xenophon



How to Defend the Defense of Socrates? From the Apology to Memorabilia Book 1
Pierre Pontier

Nature, Culture and the Rule of the Good in Xenophon’s Socratic Theory of Friendship: Memorabilia Book 2
Gabriel Danzig

From Generals to Gluttony: Memorabilia Book 3
David Johnson

Xenophon’s Socratic Education in Memorabilia Book 4
Christopher Moore

Fundamental Parallels between Socrates’ and Ischomachus’ Positions in the Oeconomicus
Louis-André Dorion

Aphrodite and Philophrosyne: Xenophon’s Symposium between Athenian and Spartan Paradigms
Maria Consiglia Alvino

Xenophon’s Hiero: Hiding Socrates to Reform Tyranny
Federico Zuolo

Xenophon’s Philosophical Approach to Writing: Socratic Elements in the Non-Socratic Works
Noreen Humble

Later Reception



Aristotle on Socrates
Nicholas Smith

Aristoxenus on Socrates
Alessandro Stavru

Socratic Protreptic and Epicurus: Healing through Philosophy
Jan Erik Heßler

From Competitor to Hero: The Stoics on Socrates
Robert Bees

Socrates and Alcibiades as “Satiric Heroes:” The Socrates of Persius
Diego De Brasi

Plutarch’s Reception of Socrates
Geert Roskam

“A Man of Outstanding Perfection”: Apuleius’ Admiration for Socrates
Friedemann Drews

Socrates in Maximus of Tyre
M.B. Trapp

Socrates in the Ancient Biographical Tradition: From the Anonymous Phib. 182 to Diogenes Laertius
Tiziano Dorandi

An Embodiment of Intellectual Freedom? Socrates in Libanius
Heinz-Günther Nesselrath

Political Philosopher or Saviour of Souls? Socrates in Themistius and Julian the Emperor
Maria Carmen De Vita

Proclus on Socratic Ignorance, Knowledge, and Irony
Danielle A. Layne

Index

Readership

All students and scholars interested in Socrates, Socratic dialogue and Socratic literature, as well as the first thousand years of reception of the Socratic circle.

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