From Al-Andalus to the Americas (13th-17th Centuries)

Destruction and Construction of Societies

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From Al-Andalus to the Americas (13th-17th Centuries). Destruction and Construcion of Societies offers a multi-perspective view of the filiation of different colonial and settler colonial experiences, from the Medieval Iberian Peninsula to the early Modern Americas. All the articles in the volume refer the reader to colonial orders that extended over time, that substantially reduced indigenous populations, that imposed new productive strategies and created new social hierarchies. The ideological background and how conquests were organised; the treatment given to the conquered lands and people; the political organisations, and the old and new agricultural systems are issues discussed in this volume.
Contributors are David Abulafia, Manuel Ardit, Antonio Espino, Adela Fábregas, Josep M. Fradera, Enric Guinot, Helena Kirchner, Antonio Malpica, Virgilio Martínez-Enamorado, Carmen Mena, António Mendes, Félix Retamero, Inge Schjellerup, Josep Torró, and Antoni Virgili.
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Biographical Note

Thomas F. Glick, Ph.D. 1968, Harvard University, is professor emeritus of history at Boston University. He is the author of Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages, 2nd ed. (Brill, 2005).
Antonio Malpica, Ph.D. 1978, University of Granada, is Professor of Medieval History at this University. He has published many books and articles on medieval archaeology and the history of the Nasrid Kingdom, including La Alhambra, ciudad palatina nazarí (Granada, 2008) and Las últimas tierras de al-Andalus (Granada, 2014).
Félix Retamero, Ph.D. 1998, Autonomus University of Barcelona. He is a Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at this university. He has published many works on the Andalusi agricultural landscapes and on the relation between colonisations and agriculture in the 15th-16th centuries.
Josep Torró, Ph.D. 1996, University of València, is Reader of Medieval History at the same University. He has published monographs, book chapters and articles on the Christian conquest and colonisation of the kingdom of Valencia.

Table of contents

List of Figures and Tables
List of Contributors
One Conquest, Two Worlds: An Introduction
Félix Retamero and Josep Torró

Part 1: The Organisation of the Conquests: Political, Military and Financial Aspects



1 Partners-in-arms. Medieval Military Associations:From the Iberian cabalgada to the American entrada
Josep Torró

2 Council and Urban Militias in the Crown of Aragon during the 13th Century:From Conquering Militias to Monetary Exemptions
Enric Guinot

3 War and Booty as Incentives for Emigration:Tortosa and al-Andalus (12th–13th Centuries)
Antoni Virgili

4 Medieval Factors in the Conquest of America:Organisation and War Practices in the Incursions into Darién
Carmen Mena García

5 On the Use of Terror, Cruelty and Violence in the Spanish Conquest of the Americas:Some Thoughts
Antonio Espino-López

Part 2: The Agrarian Organisation of the New Colonial Societies



6 Feudal Conquest and Colonisation:An Archaeological Insight into the Transformation of Andalusi Irrigated Spaces in the Balearic Islands
Helena Kirchner

7 The Agrarian Model of Valencian Moriscos
Manuel Ardit Lucas†

8 Iberian Colonisations and Water Distribution Systems (15th–16th c.):A Comparative Approach
Félix Retamero and Virgilio Martínez-Enamorado

9 Commercial Crop or Plantation System?:Sugar Cane Production from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic
Adela Fábregas-García

10 Early Colonial Utilization and Management in Peru
Inge Schjellerup

Part 3: The Political Organisation of the New Colonial Societies. The Management of the Conquered Populations and Lands



11 Servants, Slaves or Subjects?:Jews, Muslims and Indians as Royal Property
David Abulafia

12 The Kingdom of Granada:Between the Culmination of a Process and the Beginning of a New Age
Antonio Malpica

13 Portugal, Morocco and Guinea:Reconfiguration of the North Atlantic at the End of the Middle Ages
António de Almeida Mendes

Readership

Scholars and advanced students of medieval and early modern history, and anyone concerned with the connections between the Medieval and the Modern Iberian conquests and colonisations.

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