Beyond Chinoiserie

Artistic Exchange between China and the West during the Late Qing Dynasty (1796-1911)


The complex interweaving of different Western visions of China had a profound impact on artistic exchange between China and the West during the nineteenth century. Beyond Chinoiserie addresses the complexity of this exchange. While the playful Western “vision of Cathay” formed in the previous century continued to thrive, a more realistic vision of China was increasingly formed through travel accounts, paintings, watercolors, prints, book illustrations, and photographs. Simultaneously, the new discipline of sinology led to a deepening of the understanding of Chinese cultural history. Leading and emerging scholars in the fields of art history, literary studies and material culture, have authored the ten essays in this book, which deal with artistic relations between China and the West at a time when Western powers’ attempts to extend a sphere of influence in China led to increasingly hostile political interactions.

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Petra ten-Doesschate Chu, Ph.D. (1972), Columbia University, teaches art history at Seton Hall University (USA). A specialist in nineteenth-century art history, she has published widely. Her textbook, Nineteenth-Century European Art (Pearson, 2012), is used across the world. She is the founding Co-editor of the e-journal Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide (2002-). Jennifer Milam, Ph.D. (1996), Princeton University, is Head of the School of Culture and Communications at the University of Melbourne (Australia). Her publications traverse the creativity of the eighteenth century from French painting and criticism to Russian gardens and chinoiserie, including the Historical Dictionary of Rococo Art (Scarecrow, 2011).
"Instead of compartmentalizing and thereby obviating the multilayered complexity of nineteenth-century chinoiserie in its multicultural contexts, this publication embraces the complexity and tackles it full on. In this respect, it serves as a model for holistic approaches to topics of cross-cultural artistic exchange."
-Sonia Coman, Smithsonian Institution, in Journal of Japonisme 5 (2020) pages 98-104
List of Illustrations

Introduction: Beyond Chinoiserie
Petra ten-Doesschate Chu and Jennifer Milam

1 The China Trade and the Classical Tradition in Federal America
Patricia Johnston

2 Jefferson’s Interest in China and the Gongs of Monticello
Jennifer Milam

3 Copying in Reverse: China Trade Paintings on Glass
Maggie M. Cao

4 Étienne-Jean Delécluze, Art from China, and Nineteenth-Century French Painting
Kristel Smentek

5 Staging China, Japan, and Siam at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867
Meredith Martin

6 Victor Hugo and the Romantic Dream of China
Petra ten-Doesschate Chu

7 Chrysanthemums and Cultivated Visions of the Victorian Garden
Elizabeth Chang

8 The Musée d’Ennery and the Shifting Reception of Nineteenth-Century French Chinoiseries
Elizabeth Emery

9 Fashion, Chinoiserie, and the Transnational: Material Translations between China, Japan and Britain
Sarah Cheang

10 From Shanghai to Brussels: The Tushanwan Orphanage Workshops and the Carved Ornaments of the Chinese Pavilion at Laeken Park
William Ma

Petra ten-Doesschate Chu and Jennifer Milam

Abstracts and Keywords

All interested in artistic and cultural relations between China and the West, particularly in the late Ching dynasty (nineteenth and early twentieth centuries).