History of the Arabic Written Tradition Supplement Volume 1


The present English translation reproduces the original German of Carl Brockelmann’s Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur (GAL) as accurately as possible. In the interest of user-friendliness the following emendations have been made in the translation: Personal names are written out in full, except b. for ibn; Brockelmann’s transliteration of Arabic has been adapted to comply with modern standards for English-language publications; modern English equivalents are given for place names, e.g. Damascus, Cairo, Jerusalem, etc.; several erroneous dates have been corrected, and the page references to the two German editions have been retained in the margin, except in the Supplement volumes, where new references to the first two English volumes have been inserted.
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Table of contents

Note to the Reader

 I The Task of Literary History
 II Sources and Earlier Accounts of the Literary History of the Arabs
 III Division of the History of Arabic Literature

First Book: The National Literature of the Arabs

First Section From the Beginnings until the Appearance of Muḥammad
 Chapter 1. The Arabic Language
 Chapter 2. The Beginnings of Poetry
 Chapter 3. The Forms of Arabic Poetry
 Chapter 4. The Nature of Ancient Arabic Poetry
 Chapter 5. The Transmission of Arabic Poetry
 Chapter 6. Sources for our Knowledge of Ancient Arabic Poetry
 Chapter 7. The Six Poets
 Chapter 8. Other Poets of Pre-Islamic Times
 Chapter 9. Jewish and Christian Poets before Islam
 Chapter 10. The Beginnings of Arabic Prose

Second Section Muḥammad and His Time
 Chapter 1. Muḥammad the Prophet
 Chapter 2. The Qurʾān
 Chapter 3. Labīd and al-Aʿshā
 Chapter 4. Ḥassān b. Thābit
 Chapter 5. Kaʿb b. Zuhayr
 Chapter 6. Mutammim b. Nuwayra
 Chapter 7. Al-Khansāʾ
 Chapter 8. Abū Miḥjan and al-Khuṭayʾa
 Chapter 9. Minor Poets
 Chapter 10. Pseudo-ʿAlid Literature

Third Section The Period of the Umayyads
 Chapter 2. ʿUmar b. Abī Rabīʿa
 Chapter 3. Other Poets in Arabia
 Chapter 4. Al-Akhṭal
 Chapter 5. Al-Farazdaq
 Chapter 6. Jarīr
 Chapter 7. Dhu ̓l-Rumma
 Chapter 9. Minor Poets
 Chapter 10. Prose Writing at the Time of the Umayyads

Second Book: Islamic Literature in the Arabic Language

First Section The Classical Period from ca. 750 until ca. 1000
 Chapter 2. Poetry
 Chapter 2a. Rhymed Prose
 Chapter 3. Philology
 Chapter 4. Historiography
 Chapter 5. Popular Literature in Prose and Works for General Education
 Chapter 6. Ḥadīth
 Chapter 7. Fiqh
 Chapter 8. Qurʾānic Sciences
 Chapter 9. Dogmatics
 Chapter 10. Mysticism
 Chapter 12. Philosophy
 Chapter 13. Mathematics
 Chapter 14. Astronomy and Astrology
 Chapter 15. Geography
 Chapter 16. Medicine
 Chapter 17. Natural and Occult Sciences, Varia
 Chapter 18. Encyclopaedias

Second Section The post-Classical Period of Islamic Literature, from ca. 400/1000 until ca. 656/1258
 Chapter 1. Poetry
 Chapter 2. Rhymed Prose and Stylistics
 Chapter 3. Philology
 Chapter 4. Historiography
 Chapter 5. Belles lettres in Prose
 Chapter 6. Ḥadīth
 Chapter 7. Fiqh
 Chapter 8. Qurʾānic sciences
 Chapter 9. Dogmatics
 Chapter 10 Mysticism
 Chapter 11. Philosophy and Politics
 Chapter 12. Mathematics
 Chapter 13. Astronomy
 Chapter 14. Travelogues and Geographies
 Chapter 15. Medicine
 Chapter 16. Natural Sciences and Technology
 Chapter 16. Appendix
 Chapter 17. Occult Sciences
 Chapter 18. Encyclopedias and Polyhistors
 Addenda & Corrigenda


All interested in Middle Eastern history.