Since 2011, democratic transitions in the Middle East and North Africa have mostly failed to consolidate and have been hindered by the difficult economic heritage of previous authoritarian governments. Yet newly established democratic governments must deliver on the expectations of their people, especially the poorer strata, otherwise disillusionment may open the door to restoration of authoritarian rule. Can democracy succeed? Various ideas for economic policies that may help consolidate the early democratisation process are proposed in this volume, while major obstacles on the way to democratic success are also highlighted.
Contributors include: Alissa Amico, Laura El-Katiri, Philippe Fargues, Bassam Fattouh, Steffen Hertog, Giacomo Luciani, Samir Makdisi, Adeel Malik, Bassem Snaije, Robert Springborg, and Eckart Woertz.
Giacomo Luciani leads the Master in International Energy at the Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po; and is adjunct professor of interdisciplinary studies at the Graduate Institute, Geneva. From 2010 to 2013 he was Princeton Global Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Department of Near Eastern Studies.
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List of Tables
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
Notes on Contributors
1 Introduction: In Search of Economic Policies to Stabilise Democratic Transitions
2 Reflections on the Arab Uprisings
3 Rethinking the Rentier Curse
4 Brief Political Economy of Energy Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa
Laura El-Katiri and Bassam Fattouh
5 The political economy of distribution in the Middle East: is there scope for a new social contract?
6 Arab States as Shareholders: Origins and Consequences
7 Can Finance and Credit Enable Economic Growth and Democracy?
8 Agriculture and Development in the Wake of the Arab Spring
9 Mass Migration and Uprisings in Arab countries: An Analytical Framework
10 Egypt’s Economic Transition: Challenges and Prospects
11 Oil Rent and Regional Economic Development in MENA
Scholars and policy makers interested in MENA, democratic transition, economic and political development, reform and regional integration.