Paul Ricoeur’s Idea of Reference

The Truth as Non-Reference


This book investigates the importance of Ricoeur’s hermeneutics and poetics in rethinking humanities. In particular, Ricoeur’s insights on reference as refiguration and his idea of interpretation as a triadic process (which consists of mimesis 1 – prefiguration, mimesis 2 – configuration, and mimesis 3 – refiguration) will be applied to philosophy of science and to literary and historical texts. It will be shown that Ricoeur’s idea of emplotment can be extended and applied to scientific, literary and historical texts. This multidisciplinary research will include philosophy of science, metaphysics, hermeneutics, and literary theory.
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Biographical Note

Sanja Ivic, PhD (2011) is a Research Fellow at the Institute for European Studies, Serbia. She completed her Postdoctoral research at the University of Paris X (France). Her publications include books and articles on various subjects in the field of philosophy.

Table of contents

1 Ricœur’s Idea of Reference as Refiguration: the Non-Descriptive Reference of Literary Work
 1  Introduction
 2  Ricœur’s Idea of Reference as Refiguration
 3  Ricœur’s Conception of Threefold Mimesis
 4  The Concept of Null-Reference
 5 Conclusion

2 The Truth as Non-Reference: the Realist and Anti-Realist Conception of Reference
 1  Introduction
 2  Reference as Refiguration in Science
 3  The Success of Non-Referring Concepts: a Hermeneutic Aspect of Reference
 4  Conclusion

3 Ricœur’s Concept of Reference Applied to Theories of Scientific Realism and to Historical Texts: Real versus Unreal
2The Question of Truth in the Theories of Scientific Realism and in the Historical and Fictional Narratives
3Realism and the Realm of Possibility

4 The Universality of Hermeneutic and Narrative Experience: Ricœur’s Narrative Theory Applied to Science
 1  Introduction
 2  Explanation and Understanding in the History of Science and Philosophy
 3  Binary Oppositions in Science
 4  Ricœur’s Dialectics between Explanation and Understanding
 5  Ricœur’s Narrative Theory Applied to Science
 6  Narrative Understanding: Mediating between Fictional and Historical Texts
 7  Conclusion

5 Ricœur’s Idea of Metamorphoses of Narrative Plots
 1  Introduction
 2  Ricœur’s Idea of Narrative Paradigm: A Question about the Limits of Plot
 3  Transhistorical Schematism of Narration
 4  Conclusion

6 The Idea of Truth as Non-Reference in Literature
 1  Introduction
 2  Art as the Personal Truth of the Author in Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita
 3  Artistic and Religious Conception of Truth
 4  The Idea of Truth as Non-Reference in Borges’ “Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius”
 5  Conclusion

Name Index
Subject Index


Readers, students and scholars interested in philosophy, Ricoeur studies, hermeneutics and literary theory.


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