In Gender and Biopolitics: The Changing Patterns of Womanhood in Post-2002 Turkey, Pınar Sarıgöl sheds new light on the life spheres of the woman as a means of uncovering neoliberal Islamic thinking with regard to individuals and the population. Informed by Michel Foucault's critical perspective, the governmental rationality of post-2002 Turkey's Islamic neoliberalism is examined in this volume. The tenets and merits of Islamic neoliberalism bring moral and religious practices into the discussion regarding ‘how’ the social order should be in general, and ‘how’ the ideal woman should be in particular. Islam and neoliberalism are well matched here because Islam takes society as a social body in which hierarchies and roles are divinely normalised. This book uniquely brings this point to the fore and draws attention to the interplay between the rational and moral values constituting Islamic neoliberal female subjects.
Pınar Sarıgöl, Ph.D. (2020), Bielefeld University, is a lecturer teaching politics. She has published monographs and articles on contemporary Turkish politics, and on theory of gender politics and new racism.
1 Introduction The Conceptualisation of Ideal Womanhood in Post-2002 Turkey 1 The Conceptualisation of Problematic Womanhood and Governmentality 2 Changing Patterns of Womanhood in Post-2002 Turkey 3 Insights from Foucault’s Method 4 Selection of the Research Sources 5 Structure of the Book 6 Concluding Remarks
2 The Closed Circuits of the Woman’s Sexuality and Temperate Seductiveness 1 Islamic Virtues on Woman’s Sexuality 2 The Imagined Population in the New Gender Regime 2.1 Islamic Heteronormativity and Its Performances 2.2 Contouring Gender Justice 3 Intimacy in Public or the Intimacy of the Public? 3.1 To Veil or Not to Veil 3.2 On the Political Representations of Women 3.3 Policing Public Morality 4 Concluding Remarks
3The Sacred Family Portrait Balance, Uniformity, Patience and Piety 1 Understanding the Family in Its Cooperative Manner 2 True Womanhood and Unmanageable Fields of Government 2.1 The New Definition of Womanhood 2.2 Awakening the Sense of Motherhood 2.3 Some Facts: Adultery, Homosexuality, Prostitution, Brothels and the Like 3 The Last Sight on Family 3.1 Consulting Services for the Betterisation of Family 3.2 Divorce as an Impossible Practice 4 Concluding Remarks
4 Reconsidering Violence as a Disciplinary and Regulatory Apparatus 1 Statistical Facts and the Hard Truth 2 Rape as a Justified Reaction against the Impropriety 3 From Crimes of Honour to Crimes of Passion 4 Political Reality and the Depoliticisation of Violence 4.1 Protective Mechanisms and Legal Applications 4.2 Manhood and Violence 4.3 Gendered Mediation 5 Concluding Remarks
5 Islamic Neoliberal Female Subjectivity in Post-2002 Turkey 1 Reading Political Islamism in Its Own Governmental Nature in Turkey 2 Islamic Neoliberal Governmentality: Challenging the Unity of Sovereign Power, Disciplinary Power and Biopower 3 Rethinking Gender Justice in the Context of Islamism and Neoliberalism 4 The Exclusion and Inclusion of Women at the Intersection of Differences 5 Concluding Remarks
6 Conclusions Resistance for the Better
This book will appeal to all social scientists and professional groups, such as political activists and journalists, who seek an alternative and critical perspective on contemporary Turkish politics.