General Theory of International Law

Series: 

This introductory volume to the series of American Classics in International Law is intended to present, put into context, and critically appraise specifically American general theories of and about international law. Those frameworks of ideas include the very concept of international law, its justification, the struggle between formalism and experience, various theories of legitimacy and fairness, the law’s effectiveness, empirical analysis, critiques from the margins and the center, and approaches to its improvement. Particular focus is on American Legal Realism, the New Haven School of Jurisprudence, International and Transnational Legal Process, liberal theories of international law, linkages to social sciences, including Law and Economics, Critical Legal Studies, LatCrit, TWAIL, and feminist approaches to the discipline.

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Siegfried Wiessner is a Professor of Law and the Founder and Director of St. Thomas University’s Graduate Program in Intercultural Human Rights in Miami, Florida. He earned his LL.M. degree at Yale and his Dr. iur. at Tübingen University. Professor Wiessner has served as Chair of the International Law Association’s Committee on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples from 2008 to 2012, and has written extensively in the fields of jurisprudence, human rights, constitutional law, comparative law, arbitration law and space law, including a pioneering book on the transnationally common features of nationality and co-authorship of the casebook on International Law in Contemporary Perspective.

Foreword to American Classics in International Law
      W. Michael Reisman

Introduction
      Siegfried Wiessner

1. The Task
2. Historical Context and Conditioning Factors
3. Traditional Theories about International Law – Natural Law and Legal Positivism
4. American Legal Realism
5. International Law as Naked Power
6. The New Haven School of Jurisprudence
7. International Legal Process and Transnational Legal Process
8. Liberal Theories of International Law
9. Human Rights and the Concept of Popular Sovereignty
10. Law & Economics, Public Choice and Game Theory
11. New Approaches to Empirical Scholarship in International Law
12. Critical Legal Studies, Critical Race Theory, LatCrit, and TWAIL
13. Critical Theories on Gender and Sexual Orientation
14. Summary and Conclusion

I. American Legal Realism

1. Philosophical Theory and International Law, 1 BIBLIOTHECA VISSERIANA DISSERTATIONUM IUS INTERNATIONALE ILLUSTRANTIUM 71-90 (1923)
      Roscoe Pound

II. International Law as Naked Power

2. Positivism, Functionalism, and International Law, 34 AM. J. INT’L L. 260, 273-284 (1940)
      Hans J. Morgenthau

III. The New Haven School of Jurisprudence

3. Law and Power, 46 AM. J. INT’L L. 102-114 (1952)
      Myres S. McDougal

4. The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty-First Century: Constitutive Process and Individual Commitment, Collected Courses, The Hague Academy of International Law, Vol. 351 (2012) 101-164, 165-189
      Michael Reisman

5. Policy-Oriented Jurisprudence and Human Rights Abuses in Internal Conflict: Toward a World Public Order of Human Dignity, 93 AM. J. INT’L L. 316-334 (1999)
      Siegfried Wiessner & Andrew R. Willard

IV. International and Transnational Legal Process

6. Transnational Legal Process, 75 NEBRASKA L. REV. 181-207 (1996)
      Harold Hongju Koh

V. Liberal Theories of International Law

7. International Law: Politics, Values and Functions, 1-8, 45-51, 97-108, 279-285, 295-296 (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1995)
      Louis Henkin

8. The Law of Peoples, 20 CRITICAL INQUIRY 36-68 (Autumn 1993)
      John Rawls

9. Fairness in International Law and Institutions, 3-46 (1995)
      Thomas M. Franck

10. Ronald Dworkin, A New Philosophy for International Law, 41 PHILOSOPHY & PUBLIC AFFAIRS 2-30 (2013)
      Ronald Dworkin

VI. Human Rights and the Concept of Popular Sovereignty

11. Sovereignty and Human Rights in Contemporary International Law, 84 AM. J. INT’L L. 866-876 (1990)
      W. Michael Reisman

VII. Law & Economics, Public Choice and Game Theory

12. A Theory of Customary International Law, 66 U. CHI. L. REV. 1113, 1120-1151, 1170-1177 (1999)
      Jack L. Goldsmith & Eric A. Posner

VIII. Critical Legal Studies, Critical Race Theory, LatCrit, and TWAIL

13. David Kennedy, A New Stream of International Law Scholarship, 7 WISC. INT’L L.J. 1, 28-49 (1988)
      David Kennedy

14. What Is TWAIL?, 94 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW PROCEEDINGS 31-38 (2000)
      Makau Mutua

X. Critical Theories on Gender and Sexual Orientation

15. Are Women Human? And Other International Dialogues, 41-63 (2006)
      Catharine A. MacKinnon

All interested in International Law, Theory of International Law and the History of International Law.