Eastspirit: Transnational Spirituality and Religious Circulation in East and West

Series:

Mindfulness, yoga, Tantra, Zen, martial arts, karma, feng shui, Ayurveda. Eastern ideas and practices associated with Asian religions and spirituality have been accommodated to a global setting as both a spiritual/religious and a broader cultural phenomenon. ‘Eastern spirituality’ is present in organized religions, the spiritual New Age market, arts, literature, media, therapy, and health care but also in public institutions such as schools and prisons.

Eastspirit: Transnational Spirituality and Religious Circulation in East and West describes and analyses such concepts, practices and traditions in their new ‘Western’ and global contexts as well as in their transformed expressions and reappropriations in religious traditions and individualized spiritualities ‘back in the East’ within the framework of mutual interaction and circulation, regionally and globally.
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Biographical Note

Jørn Borup, Ph.D., is associate professor at Aarhus University. He has conducted research and published in Danish and English on Japanese Buddhism, Buddhism in the West, religious diversity, spirituality, and religion and migration.



Marianne Qvortrup Fibiger, Ph.D., is associate professor at Aarhus University. Her work focuses on Hinduism in general (and in Denmark and in diaspora in particular), Śaktism, religious plurality and diversity, and on religion in cultural encounters.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
Notes on Contributors

Introduction
Jørn Borup and Marianne Qvortrup Fibiger

Part 1: Spiritual Flows and Circulations Between East and West


1 Pizza, Curry, Skyr and Whirlpool Effects—Religious Circulations Between East and West
Jørn Borup
2 Global Flows of Universal Energy? Aquatic Metaphors, Network Theory, and Modeling Reiki’s Development and Circulation in North America
Justin Stein
3 Mindfulness on the Move: A Translocative Analysis of Global Mindfulness Flows
Jeff Wilson
4 Sri Mātā Amṛtānandamayī Devī—The Global Worship of an Indian Female Guru
Marianne Qvortrup Fibiger
5 Same Forms, Same Sensations? The Practice of Silent Sitting in Traditional Japanese and Contemporary Urban Settings
Inken Prohl
6 ‘East’ and ‘West’ in the Kaleidoscope of Transculturality—The Discursive Production of the Kuṇḍalinī as a New Ontological Object Within and Beyond Orientalist Dichotomies
Dimitry Okropiridze

Part 2: Transnational Spiritualties in Asia


7 Global Flows of Vietnamese Zen
Alexander Soucy
8 Christianity and Positive Psychology—Are ‘Western’ Spiritual Practices Conquering the Chinese Spirit?
Gerda Wielander
9 The Making of Power Spots: From New Age Spirituality to Shinto Spirituality
Norichika Horie
10 The Significance of the Idea of Buddha’s Dependence on Kapila for the Rebirth of Sāṃkhyayoga in Nineteenth Century Bengal
Knut A. Jacobsen
11 On the Road from Hinduism to Buddhism: Global Buddhism, the Conversion of Nepali Hindus, and What Comes Between
Cameron David Warner
12 Young Buddhism: Analyzing Transnational Currents of Religion Among Ladakhi Buddhist Youth in India
Elizabeth Lane Williams Ørberg
13 Religious Encounters in Thailand: International Meditation Centers Within Transnational Settings
Brooke Schedneck
14 Finding It: Echoes of America in Taiwan’s New Age
Paul J. Farrelly

Index

Readership

Scholars and students from religious studies, Asian studies and anthropology interested in spirituality, Asian religions and East-West circulation.