Human Rights Protection by the ECtHR and the ECJ

A Comparative Analysis in Light of the Equivalency Doctrine

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In her manuscript Elisa Ravasi examines how the ECtHR responds to the growing challenges of overlapping legal systems. She focuses, in particular, on the relationship between the ECHR and EU law. First, she systematically analyses 10 years of ECtHR jurisprudence on the principle of equivalent protection and develops an innovative analysis scheme for its application. Afterwards, she examines the equivalency of the human rights protection provided by the ECJ in light of the minimum standards of the ECHR in three specific fields (naming law, ne bis in idem and equality of arms). Finally, she considers whether the presumption of equivalent protection of the ECtHR in favour of the EU is still justified.
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Biographical Note

Elisa Ravasi, Ph.D. (2017), University of Zurich. Researcher in European and Human Rights Law. In 2014 she was awarded the grant Doc.CH by the Swiss National Science Foundation for Human Rights Protection by the ECtHR and the ECJ (Brill, 2017).

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
List of Figures
Abbreviations
Case-law Index

1 Introduction
 I Contextualisation of the Research Thesis
  A  Double System of Human Rights Protection in Europe
  B  Challenges of the Two International Legal Systems in Europe
  C  Solutions to the Challenges of the Double System
 II Aims of the Research Thesis
  A  Contribution to Legal Research
  B  Structure and Methodology of the Research
 III Remarks on Terminology and Formal Elements
    Equivalency Doctrine
    Difference between European Union ( eu ) and European Community ( ec )
    The Luxembourg Courts
    The Strasbourg Authorities
    Parallel Specificities of echr and eu Law
    Other Formalities

2 Doctrine of Equivalent Protection
 I Origin and Evolution of the Principle of Equivalent Protection
  A  German Jurisprudence on eu Law
  B  Strasbourg Jurisprudence on eu Law up to Bosphorus
  C  ‘Equivalent protection’ in Strasbourg and in Karlsruhe
 II Tensions between Human Rights Protection and International Cooperation
  A  Multilateral Cooperation in the Framework of International Organisations
  B  Protection from International Acts and Decisions under the echr
 III Competence ratione personae of the ECtHR
  A  State Jurisdiction
  B  Attribution of the Impugned Act
  C  Risk of Inconsistencies in the Protection of Human Rights in Europe
 IV Equivalency Doctrine
  A  Exceptions to the Incompetence ratione personae
  B  Competence ratione personae by Attribution to the State
 V Conclusion on the Strasbourg Equivalency Doctrine
    No State Intervention and Light Principle of Equivalency
    Attribution of the Impugned Act to the International Organisation
    Attribution of the Impugned Act to the State – Strict Principle of Equivalency and Principle of Protection sui generis

3 Fundamental Rights Protection in the eu
 I Preliminary Remarks
  A  Frameworks and Standards of the Equivalency Analysis
  B  Foreword on the Charter of Fundamental Rights
 II Rights Related to Names
  A  Introduction on Naming Law
  B  ECtHR’s Case-law on Naming Law
  C  ecj ’s Case-law on Naming Law
  D  Evaluation of the Equivalency
 III Principle ne bis in idem
  A  Introduction on ne bis in idem
  B  ECtHR’s Case-law on ne bis in idem
  C  ecj ’s Case-law on ne bis in idem
  D  Evaluation of Equivalency
 IV Equality of Arms in eu Competition Law
  A  Introduction on Equality of Arms and on eu Competition Law
  B  ECtHR’s Case-law on Equality of Arms
  C  ecj ’s Case-law on Equality of Arms in Competition Law
  D  Evaluation of the Equivalency
 V Conclusion on the Equivalency of the ecj ’s Fundamental Rights Protection
  A  The Sectorial Results of the Comparative Analysis
  B  General Assessment of the Presumed Equivalent Protection
  C  Nearly Equivalent Protection of the ecj
  D  Maintenance of the Equivalency Presumption

4 Conclusion
 I Results of Part 2 – Equivalency Doctrine
  A  Prevention of Circumvention of Conventional Obligations
  B  Prevention of a State’s Unconditional Responsibility for International Acts
 II Results of Part 3 – Human Rights Protection in the eu
 III Going Forward – the eu - echr Relationship

Annexes
   Annex 1: ECtHR’s Case-law on the Strict Principle of Equivalency
   Annex 2: ECtHR’s Equivalency Doctrine

Literature
Index

Readership

European and human rights lawyers, researchers in the field of European and human rights law, practitioners (international organisations, governments, NGOs) concerned by the overlapping of international legal systems.