This volume, edited by Natasha Constantinidou and Han Lamers, investigates modes of receiving and responding to Greeks, Greece, and Greek in early modern Europe (15th-17th centuries). The book's seventeen detailed studies illuminate the reception of Greek culture (the classical, Byzantine, and even post-Byzantine traditions), the Greek language (ancient, vernacular, and 'humanist'), as well as the people claiming, or being assigned, Greek identities during this period in different geographical and cultural contexts.
Discussing subjects as diverse as, for example, Greek studies and the Reformation, artistic interchange between Greek East and Latin West, networks of communication in the Greek diaspora, and the ramifications of Greek antiquarianism, the book aims at encouraging a more concerted debate about the role of Hellenism in early modern Europe that goes beyond disciplinary boundaries, and opening ways towards a more over-arching understanding of this multifaceted cultural phenomenon.
Contributors: Aslıhan Akışık-Karakullukçu, Michele Bacci, Malika Bastin-Hammou, Peter Bell, Michail Chatzidakis, Federica Ciccolella, Calliope Dourou, Anthony Ellis, Niccolò Fattori, Maria Luisa Napolitano, Janika Päll, Luigi-Alberto Sanchi, Niketas Siniossoglou, William Stenhouse, Paola Tomè, Raf Van Rooy, and Stefan Weise.
Natasha Constantinidou, Ph.D. (Edinburgh) is Assistant Professor in European History (University of Cyprus). She has published on book and intellectual history, including
Responses to Religious Division, c. 1580–1620 (2017) and a number of articles on sixteenth-century Greek printing.
Han Lamers (Ph.D. Leiden University, 2013) is Associate Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Classics, and the History of Art and Ideas of the University of Oslo (Norway). His publications include
Greece Reinvented: Transformations of Byzantine Hellenism in Renaissance Italy (2015).
List of Figures and Tables
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Receptions of Hellenism in Early Modern Europe Natasha Constantinidou and Han Lamers
Part 1: Access and Dissemination
Part 2: Learning, Teaching, and Printing Greek
Aldus Manutius and the Learning of Greek: the Aldine Appendix Paola Tomè (†)
From a Thirsty Desert to the Rise of the Collège de France: Greek Studies in Paris, c.1490–1540 Luigi-Alberto Sanchi
Teaching Greek with Aristophanes in the French Renaissance, 1528–1549 Malika Bastin-Hammou
A Professor at Work: Hadrianus Amerotius (1490–1560) and the Study of Greek in Sixteenth-Century Louvain Raf Van Rooy
Greek History in the Early-Modern Classroom: Lectures on Herodotus by Johannes Rosa and School Notes by Jacques Bongars (Jena, 1568) Anthony Ellis
Part 3: Migration, Exchange, and Identity
Cultural Encounters and Exchanges between ‘Greek East’ and ‘Latin West’
From “Bounteous Flux of Matter” to Hellenic City: Late Byzantine Representations of Constantinople and the Western Audience Aslihan Akişik-Karakullukçu
Barbaric and Assimilated Hellenes: Textual and Visual Images of Greek Scholars between Lapo da Castiglionchio (c.1405–1438) and Paolo Giovio (1483–1552) Peter Bell
Maximos Margounios (c.1549–1602), his Anacreontic Hymns, and the Byzantine Revival in Early Modern Germany Federica Ciccolella
Perspectives on Greek Migrants in the West
Love and Exile in Michael Marullus Tarchaniota: Geographical Exile, Spiritual Homelessness Niketas Siniossogliou
The Longs and Shorts of an Emergent Nation: Nikolaos Loukanes’s 1526 Iliad and the Unprosodic New Trojans Calliope Dourou
From Courts to Cities: Greek Migration, Community Formation, and Networks of Mutual Assistance in Sixteenth-Century Italy Niccolò Fattori
Appropriations and Use: Cultural & Religious
History, Archaeology, and Antiquarianism
The Greekness of Greek Inscriptions: Ancient Inscriptions in Early Modern Scholarship William Stenhouse
Pirro Ligorio (1513–1583) and Greek Antiquity Michail Chatzidakis
Ancient Coins and the Use of Greek History in Sicilia et Magna Graecia by Hubertus Goltzius (1525–1583) Maria Luisa Napolitano
Humanist Greek and the Reformation
Hyperborean Flowers: Humanist Greek Around the Baltic Sea, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries Janika Päll
“Graecia transvolavit Alpes”: the Evaluation of Humanist Greek Writing in Germany by Georg Lizel (1694–1761) Stefan Weise
All interested in the uses of Greek culture in early modern Europe, the role of Greek learning in the Renaissance and the Reformation, the history of humanism, antiquarianism, and scholarship, and anyone more broadly concerned with the classical tradition, artistic and intellectual exchange, and issues of early modern identity. Keywords: classical reception, Greek identity, antiquarianism, Greek language, Byzantine émigrés, professors of Greek, Greek learning, Greek studies, Trilingual Colleges, Renaissance Humanism, Reformation Greek, visual culture, classical tradition, maniera greca, Greek migration, Greek diaspora, cultural exchange, intellectual history, and history of scholarship.