The Comparable Body - Analogy and Metaphor in Ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Greco-Roman Medicine explores how analogy and metaphor illuminate and shape conceptions about the human body and disease, through 11 case studies from ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Greco-Roman medicine. Topics address the role of analogy and metaphor as features of medical culture and theory, while questioning their naturalness and inevitability, their limits, their situation between the descriptive and the prescriptive, and complexities in their portrayal as a mutually intelligible medium for communication and consensus among users.
John Z. Wee, Ph.D. (2012), Yale University, is Assistant Professor of Assyriology at the University of Chicago. He is the author of books and articles on medicine and astronomy in Mesopotamian and Greco-Roman antiquity, including
Knowledge and Rhetoric in Medical Commentary (Brill, 2018).
Contributors are: M. Erica Couto-Ferreira, Lesley Dean-Jones, Janet Downie, Brooke Holmes, J. Cale Johnson, Paul T. Keyser, Rune Nyord, Strahil Valentinov Panayotov, Courtney Ann Roby, Ulrike Steinert, John Z. Wee
Table of contents
AcknowledgementsList of Figures and TablesAbbreviationsTransliteration NotesPeriodization of Ancient MesopotamiaContributorsIntroduction: To What May I Liken Metaphor?John Z. Wee 1
Analogy and Metaphor in Ancient Medicine and the Ancient Egyptian Conceptualisation of Heat in the BodyRune Nyord 2
From Head to Toe: Listing the Body in Cuneiform TextsM. Erica Couto-Ferreira 3
The Stuff of Causation: Etiological Metaphor and Pathogenic Channeling in Babylonian MedicineJ. Cale Johnson 4
Aristotle’s Heart and the Heartless ManLesley Dean-Jones 5
Earthquake and Epilepsy: The Body Geologic in the Hippocratic Treatise on the Sacred DiseaseJohn Z. Wee 6
The Lineage of “Bloodlines”: Synecdoche, Metonymy, Medicine and MorePaul T. Keyser 7
Eye Metaphors, Analogies and Similes within Mesopotamian Magico-Medical Texts Strahil V. Panayotov 8
The Experience and Description of Pain in Aelius Aristides’ Hieroi LogoiJanet Downie 9
Concepts of the Female Body in Mesopotamian Gynecological TextsUlrike Steinert 10
Pure Life: The Limits of the Vegetal Analogy in the Hippocratics and Galen Brooke Holmes 11
Animal, Vegetable, Metaphor: Plotinus’s Liver and the Roots of Biological IdentityCourtney Ann RobyIndex Locorum
All interested in ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Greco-Roman medicine, as well as broader questions of scientific language and metaphor theory.