Development as a Battlefield is an innovative exploration of the multidimensional meanings of – and interactions between – conflict and development. The two phenomena are all too often regarded as ostensibly antagonistic. This was exemplified again in the context of the Arab Spring that erupted in December 2010 and was eventually short-lived in several countries of the Middle-East and North-Africa (MENA) region. This volume – the 8th thematic issue of
International Development Policy – is an invitation to reconsider and renew the way social scientists usually seek to make sense of socio-political and economic developments in the MENA region and beyond.
Irene Bono is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Torino, Italy. She is also research associate at the Mohamed VI Polytechnic University in Rabat, Morocco. Her research interests focus on the government of inequality and the role of non-institutional actors in the formation and transformation of the state.
Béatrice Hibou is CNRS Senior Research Fellow at the Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales (CERI) in Paris, France. She is co-director of the Centre de Recherche, Économie, Société et Culture, Mohamed VI Polytechnic, University of Rabat, Morocco. Her comparative research in political economy focuses on the political significance of economic reform, state trajectories and the exercise of domination in Africa and Europe, from a Weberian perspective.
Table of contents
Foreword Preface List of Illustrations List of Acronyms and Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
Development as a Battlefield Irene Bono and Béatrice Hibou
Part 1: Conflicts that Create Consensus
Two Lives of Developmentalism: A Polanyian View from Turkey Ayse Buğra
Workers vs Machines: Ottoman Tunis between Industrialisation and Colonisation Nora Lafi
‘An Uphill Job Demanding Limitless Patience’. The Establishment of Trade Unions and the Conflicts of Development in Sudan, 1946–1952 Elena Vezzadini
The Activities of Adl Wal Ihsane in the Neighbourhoods. How to Build a ‘Non-Legal’ Consensus from a ‘Tolerated’ Conflict Merieme Yafout
Part 2: Consensus as An Expression of Conflict
War and State (Re)Construction in Afghanistan: Conflicts of Tradition or Conflicts of Development? Fariba Adelkhah
Resisting Neo-Liberal Skylines: Social Mobilisations and Entrepreneurial Urban Development in Tel Aviv Adriana Kemp and Talia Margalit
A ‘Time’ to Act: The 2015–20 Development Plan for Greater Casablanca Nadia Hachimi Alaoui
The Muslim Brotherhood’s ‘Virtuous society’ and State Developmentalism in Egypt: The Politics of ‘Goodness’ Marie Vannetzel
Part 3: The Definition of Legitimate Conflicts
Development and Countermovements. Reflections on the Conflicts Arising from the Commodification of Collective Land in Morocco Yasmine Berriane
Charity and Commercial Success as Vectors of Asymmetry and Inequality: The Unconceptualised Elements of Development in Islamist Sudan during the First Republic Raphaëlle Chevrillon-Guibert
A Neo-liberal Exception? The Defence Industry ‘Turkification’ Project Anouck Gabriela Côrte Réal-Pinto
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