This book explores the spatial, material, and affective dimensions of solitude in the late medieval and early modern periods, a hitherto largely neglected topic. Its focus is on the dynamic qualities of “space” and “place”, which are here understood as being shaped, structured, and imbued with meaning through both social and discursive solitary practices such as reading, writing, studying, meditating, and praying. Individual chapters investigate the imageries and imaginaries of outdoor and indoor spaces and places associated with solitude and its practices and examine the ways in which the space of solitude was conceived of, imagined, and represented in the arts and in literature, from about 1300 to about 1800.
Contributors include Oskar Bätschmann, Carla Benzan, Mette Birkedal Bruun, Dominic E. Delarue, Karl A.E. Enenkel, Christine Göttler, Agnès Guiderdoni, Christiane J. Hessler, Walter S. Melion, Raphaèle Preisinger, Bernd Roling, Paul Smith, Marie Theres Stauffer, Arnold A. Witte, and Steffen Zierholz.
Karl A.E. Enenkel is Professor of Medieval Latin and Neo-Latin at the University of Münster. He was formerly Professor of Neo-Latin at the University of Leiden. He has published widely on international humanism, early modern culture, paratexts, literary genres 1300-1600, Neo-Latin emblems, word and image relationships, and the history of scholarship and science.
Christine Göttler is Professor emerita of Art History at the University of Bern. She has published extensively on diverse topics ranging from Reformation iconoclasm, post-Tridentine spirituality, and the relationship between art, nature, and the senses to historical aspects of early modern artists’ materials and the visual and spatial imagery of interiority and the imagination.
Acknowledgements Notes on the Editors Notes on the Contributors List of Illustrations
Realms of Solitude in Late Medieval and Early Modern European Cultures: An Introduction Christine Göttler
Part 1: Solitude in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Foundations, Shifts, and Transformations
Petrarch’s Constructions of the Sacred Solitary Place in De vita solitaria and Other Writings Karl A.E. Enenkel
Monastic Solitude as Spiritual Remedy and Firewall against Reformation: Cornelius Musius’s Reappraisal of the Vita Solitaria (1566) Karl A.E. Enenkel
Concepts of Solitude in Jacobus de Voragine’s Legenda aurea Dominic E. Delarue
‘Sacred Woods’: Performing Solitude at the Court of Duke Wilhelm V of Bavaria Christine Göttler
Part 2: Solitude in the Pictorial and Emblematic Imagination
Anachoretic Ideals in Urban Settings: Meditational Practices and Mural Painting in Trecento Italy Raphaèle Preisinger
Constructing the Imaginary Desert of the Soul in Emblematic Literature Agnès Guiderdoni
Emblemata solitariae Passionis: Jan David, S.J., on the Solitary Passion of Christ Walter S. Melion
Part 3: Landscapes of Solitude
Giovanni Bellini’s San Francesco nel deserto Oskar Bätschmann
Landscapes and Visual Exegesis: Solitude in the Chapel of Fra Mariano Fetti in San Silvestro al Quirinale Steffen Zierholz
Alone at the Summit: Solitude and the Ascetic Imagination at the Sacro Monte of Varallo Carla Benzan
Part 4: Architectures of Solitude
Dead Men Talking: The Studiolo of Urbino. A Duke in Mourning and the Petrarchan Tradition Christiane J. Hessler
Sociable Solitude: The Early Modern Hermitage as Proto-Museum Arnold A. Witte
A Solitude of Permeable Boundaries: The Abbey of La Trappe between Isolation and Engagement Mette Birkedal Bruun
Mirrors and Memories: The Chinese Mirror Cabinet at the Hermitage near Bayreuth Marie Theres Stauffer
Part 5: Solitude in Antiquarian and Natural History
The Prophetess in the Woods: The Early Modern Debate about Veleda, Aurinia, and Vola Bernd Roling 17
Passer solitarius: Tribulations of a Lonely Bird in Poetry and Natural History, from Petrarch to Buffon Paul J. Smith
All interested in the history of solitude from about 1300 to about 1800, and anyone concerned with the physical and metaphorical space of the desert and wilderness and the fashioning of religious, scholarly, and poetic selves.