Recueil des cours, Collected Courses, Tome 384


Idealism, Pragmatism, Eclecticism, General Course on Private International Law by Symeon C. Symeonides.

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Co-publication with: The Hague Academy of International Law. Symeon C. Symeonides, born 1949 in Lythrodontas, Cyprus. Law degrees: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: LL.B. in Private Law, summa cum laude (1972), LL.B. in Public Law, summa cum laude (1973); Harvard Law School: LL.M. (1974), S.J.D. (1980). Honorary degrees. LL.D. Aristotle University (2012) ; Ph.D. University of Cyprus (2014); LL.D. Willamette University (2016). Academic positions: Willamette University: Dean Emeritus, Alex L. Parks Distinguished Chair in Law (since 2011), Dean, Professor of Law (1999-2011); Louisiana State University: Judge Albert Tate Professor of Law (1989-1999), Vice Chancellor (1991-1997), Professor (1978-1989); University of Thessaloniki: Assistant Professor (1976-1978); Visiting Professor: NYU (2016), Paris-I (2005, 2006, 2007, 2008), Paris-V (2002, 2003, 2004), Louvain-la-Neuve (1997), Tulane (1985), Loyola (1982). Honours: Life Time Achievement Award, American Society of Comparative Law (2015); Certificate of Merit, American Society of International Law (2015); Courtland H. Peterson Senior Scholar Prize (2013); Robert L. Misner Award for Excellence in Faculty Scholarship (2016, 2012); Honoured by Academia Mexicana de Derecho Privado y Comparado (2011) and Asociación Americana de Derecho Internacional Privado (2010); Recipient of Key to the City, Lythrodontas (2009); Friedrich K. Juenger Prize in Private International Law (2002); “A Tribute to Symeon C. Symeonides”, 60 La. L. Rev. 1035-1399 (2000); Resolution of Appreciation, Association of American Law Schools Section on Conflict of Laws (1999); Order of the Coif; highest graduation grade (10 out of 10) in University of Thessaloniki Law School history; Phi Beta Kappa. Law reform work: American Law Institute: Adviser, Restatement (Third) of Conflict of Laws (since 2015) ; Hague Conference on Private International Law: Member, Working Group and Editorial Committee on the Hague Principles on Choice of Law for International Contracts, Member, Working Group on Convention on Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments (since 2012) ; Oregon Law Commission: Commissioner, Reporter and Chair, Choice of Law Codification (1999-2013); EU Council: Chair of five Working Groups on civil and private international law (July-December 2012); Joint Permanent Commission for the Revision of the Puerto Rican Civil Code : Consultant (2002-2006); Louisiana State Law Institute: Reporter and Chair, Codification of Conflicts Law, Reporter and Chair, Revision of the Law of Leases (1984-2005); Puerto Rican Academy of Legislation and Jurisprudence : Rapporteur, Codification of Private International Law (1987-1991). Other activities: International Association of Legal Science: President (since 2013), Vice President (2006-2013); American Society of Comparative Law: Honorary President (2010-2012), President (2006-2010), Vice President (2002-2006), Secretary (1994-2002); Association of American Law Schools, Section on Conflicts of Laws: Chair (2014 and 1999); American Law Institute: Member (since 1988); Groupe européen de droit international privé (GEDIP): Member (since 2006); International Academy of Comparative Law: Member (since 1994); Institut de droit international: Associate Member (since 2013); Asociación Americana de Derecho Internacional Privado: Honorary Member (since 2010); Private International Law Series, Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.: General Editor (since 2012); American Journal of Comparative Law: Member, Executive Editorial Board (since 2007); Yearbook of Private International Law, Electronic Journal of Comparative Law: Editorial Board Member; Quadrennial International Congress of Comparative Law: General Reporter (2010, 1998), US National Reporter (2006, 1994).
Excerpt from Table of Contents Introduction Chapter I. Historical foundations Section 1. Introduction Section 2. From ancient Greece to medieval Italy Section 3. Early footings: Bartolus, statutists, and unilateralism Section 4. Huber’s comity Section 5. The nineteenth century: the classical PIL edifice A. Story B. Wächter C. Savigny and multilateralism D. Other nineteenth-century scholars Section 6. The twentieth century A. The two halves B. Beale and the traditional American choice-of-law system 1. Territoriality 2. Vested rights 3. The first conflicts Restatement Section 7. Summary: the classical PIL system Chapter II. Substantivist carve-outs Section 1. The original substantivist method Section 2. Contemporary substantivist carve-outs A. Legislative substantivism 1. Internationally 2. Regionally 3. Nationally B. Non-state, anational substantivism C. Substantivism in arbitration D. Substantivism in adjudication Section 3. Summary Chapter III. The “international” in private international law Section 1. What’s in a name? A. Conflict of laws B. Private international law Section 2. Internationality Section 3. International uniformity Section 4. Interstate uniformity Section 5. Conclusions Chapter IV. The “private” in private international law Section 1. Introduction: private or public law? Section 2. Brainerd Currie and state interests A. Introduction B. Do states have an interest in multistate disputes between private parties? C. Are state interests ascertainable? D. Re-conceptualizing state interests E. Can an interest-based approach rationally resolve conflicts? F. Summary Section 3. Not “only in America”: recognition of state interests elsewhere A. Not for export B. Unilateralist tools C. Multilateral but non-neutral rules D. Constitutionalization of PIL Section 4. Conclusions Chapter V. Unilateralist encroachments Section 1. Introduction A. Misplaced labels B. History C. The differences Section 2. The resilience of unilateralism Section 3. Unilateralism in academic doctrine A. In Europe B. In the United States Section 4. Not “only in America”: the ubiquity of unilateralism A. Unilateral choice-of-law rules in PIL codifications B. Mandatory rules or rules of immediate application C. Unilateralism in substantive statutes. Section 5. Symbiosis A. Unilateralism is alive and kicking B. Methodological implications: from antagonism to symbiosis C. Unilateralism and parochialism D. The unilaterality of multilateralism E. Comparison F. Combining multilateralism with accommodative unilateralism Chapter VI. The material tempering of conflicts justice Section 1. The question Section 2. The orthodox answer: “conflicts justice” Section 3. The heretical answer: “material justice” A. The thesis B. The American version C. European perspectives Section 4. Covert result selectivism in the courts Section 5. Overt result selectivism in legislation A. Introduction B. Result-selective choice-of-law rules in general C. Rules favouring the validity of certain juridical acts (favor validitatis). D. Rules favouring a certain status E. Rules favouring one party: choice of law by, or for the benefit of, one party Section 6. Conclusions A. Summary B. Not “only in America” C. Result selectivism in legislation and adjudication D. Exceptional? Chapter VII. The softening of concepts and rules Section 1. Introduction Section 2. The virtual abandonment of connecting factors in the United States Section 3. Not “only in America”: the softening of connecting factors in recent codifications A. The closer or closest connection B. Other soft connecting factors Section 4. Escape clauses A. General escapes B. Specific escapes C. Assessment of escapes Section 5. The movement toward flexibility A. The perennial tension B. The American overreaction C. A cautious evolution D. Codification and flexibility Section 6. Conclusions Chapter VIII. The narrowing of legal categories Section 1. The classical PIL model: “legal relations” Section 2. American developments A. From broad categories to issues B. Issue-by-issue analysis C. Dépeçage Section 3. Not “only in America” : dépeçage in codified PIL systems Section 4. Dépeçage in the Rome Convention and the Rome Regulations A. Rome Convention and Rome I Regulation B. Rome II Section 5. Dépeçage in other modern codifications A. Statutory and voluntary dépeçage B. Judicial dépeçage Section 6. Conclusions Chapter IX. From idealism to pragmatism and eclecticism Section 1. The classical PIL Section 2. Contemporary PIL A. Nature B. Goals C. Means Section 3. Not “only in America” Section 4. Evolution, pragmatism, and eclecticism Section 5. Conclusion Bibliography