In 1583, five Jesuit brothers set out with the intention of founding a new church and mission in India. Their dream was almost immediately, and brutally, terminated by local opposition. When their massacre was announced in Rome, it was treated as martyrdom. Francesco Benci, professor of rhetoric at the Collegium Romanum, immediately set about celebrating their deaths in a new type of epic, distinct from, yet dependent upon, the classical tradition:
Quinque martyres e Societate Iesu in India.
This is the first critical edition and translation of this important text. The commentary highlights both the classical sources and the historical and religious context of the mission. The introduction outlines Benci’s career and stresses his role as the founder of this vibrant new genre.
This volume is the first one for a new subseries in the 'Jesuit Studies' series: 'Jesuit Neo-Latin Library'.
Paul Gwynne, PhD (1990), The Warburg Institute, University of London, is professor of Medieval and Renaissance Studies at The American University of Rome. He has published many articles and two monographs on Neo-Latin poetry:
Poets and Princes: the Panegyric Poetry of Johannes Michael Nagonius, (Brepols, 2012);
Patterns of Patronage in Renaissance Rome: Francesco Sperulo: Poet, Prelate, Soldier, Spy, 2 vols (Peter Lang, 2015).
Table of contents
AcknowledgmentsList of AbbreviationsList of IllustrationsIntroduction The Scope of this Book A Note on the Text and Commentary A Note on the Vocabulary
Part 1 Francesco Benci and the Heroic Impulse
Francesco Benci, Professor of RhetoricThe Portuguese and Jesuits in Goa and SalceteThe Five Companions: Talis ab Vrlini coetus se fuderat urbe (QM. 5.606)Synopsis of the Quinque martyresThe Quinque martyres and the Epic TraditionBenci and VirgilAmplificatioBenci and Contemporary Neo-Latin Epic: Vida’s Christiad and Barga’s SyriasEkphrasis in the Quinque martyresThe Later Reception of the Quinque martyres
Part 2 The Quinque martyres
Book 1. Text and TranslationBook 2. Text and Translation Book 3. Text and Translation Book 4. Text and Translation Book 5. Text and Translation Book 6. Text and TranslationCommentaryAppendix 1. Prefatory Letter and Liminary VersesAppendix 2. A Poetic Altercation and ReconciliationAppendix 3. Report of the Massacre by Niccolò Orlandini (Latin)Appendix 4. Report of the Massacre by Alessandro Valignano (Italian)Appendix 5. Verses below the Five Engravings of English Martyrdom Prefaced to Ecclesiae militantis triumphi BibliographyIndex of Proper NamesIndex Locorum Citatorum
Neo-Latin specialists, religious, political and cultural historians; scholars of reception studies and the classical tradition will find the edition useful; the description of art objects; religious buildings and Heaven will interest art historians.