European armed forces have frequently had to participate in counter-terrorist operations while abroad. For many, however, counter-terrorist operations in their home country are a relatively new phenomenon. Armed and uniformed soldiers can now be seen doing work which is, in some respects, comparable to that of the civilian security forces. What are the ethical implications of this phenomenon? To what extent does it change the relationship between the soldier and the democratic state? Do emerging technologies encroach on democratic freedoms? Does the phenomenon re-define the relationship between the police and the military? Under what conditions can soldiers be trained to achieve victory by force of arms, be used effectively in crowded city centres? Conversely, do we also risk over-militarising our police?
Magdalena Badde-Revue, PhD. (2010), Université Paris-Sorbonne III, is associate lecturer and researcher in the CREC Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan, France, and board member of EuroISME. Her research focusses on military history, especially in the Cold War and Post-Cold-War, and ethical issues.
Marie-des-Neiges Ruffo de Calabre, PhD. (2016), Université Paris-Sorbonne, is Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Namur, Belgium, and member of the Belgian Intelligence Studies Center. She works on the ethical issues related to security, defense and new technologies, including AI.
Notes on Contributors
1 Counter-Terrorism: The Border Not to Cross Benoit Royal
2 Counterterrorism and the Problem of Moral Exploitation Camilla Serck-Hanssen and Andreas Brekke Carlsson
3 What Terrorism is and is Not Boris Kashnikov
4 Divided by Ethical Choices? New or Old Debates between ‘mainstream’ Terrorism Scholars and Their Critics Asta Maskaliūnaitė
5 Should Collateral Damage be Considered Morally Acceptable when Using Armed Drones? Michaël Dewyn
6 Terrorism and Democratic Governance – What are We Willing to Pay? Kristina Tonn
7 Understanding Core Values: Observations on the British Military Benjamin Grove-White
8 Terror War: Complicity and Responsibility Arseniy Kumankov
9 Is There Anything New under the Sun? From Holy War to Modern Terror: On the Importance of Religious History for Understanding Terrorism Marcus Thurau
10 Methods for Preventing Terrorist Attacks under Question Olivier Risnes
11 The Hate Trail. Counter-Terrorism of the 21st Century and Its Challenges Desiree Verweij
12 Eye in the Sky: The Paradoxes of War Outside War, Imminent Threat, and the Virtuous Warrior in Military Drone Use Trish Glazebrook
13 Targeted Killing of Terrorists in War and Peace: An Analysis Based on the Jus Ad Bellum/ Jus in Bello (In)dependence Thesis Michaël Dewyn
14 21st Century Global Crises. Sovereignties, Identities, Terrorists Patrick Mileham