This volume explores the various strategies by which appropriate pasts were construed in scholarship, literature, art, and architecture in order to create “national”, regional, or local identities in late medieval and early modern Europe. Because authority was based on lineage, political and territorial claims were underpinned by historical arguments, either true or otherwise. Literature, scholarship, art, and architecture were pivotal media that were used to give evidence of the impressive old lineage of states, regions, or families. These claims were related not only to classical antiquity but also to other periods that were regarded as antiquities, such as the Middle Ages, especially the chivalric age. The authors of this volume analyse these intriguing early modern constructions of “antiquity” and investigate the ways in which they were applied in political, intellectual and artistic contexts in the period of 1400–1700.
Contributors include: Barbara Arciszewska, Bianca De Divitiis, Karl Enenkel, Hubertus Günther, Thomas Haye, Harald Hendrix, Stephan Hoppe, Marc Laureys, Frédérique Lemerle, Coen Maas, Anne-Françoise Morel, Kristoffer Neville, Konrad Ottenheym, Yves Pauwels, Christian Peters, Christoph Pieper, David Rijser, Bernd Roling, Nuno Senos, Paul Smith, Pieter Vlaardingerbroek, and Matthew Walker.
Karl A.E. Enenkel is Professor of Medieval Latin and Neo-Latin at the University of Münster. Previously he was Professor of Neo-Latin at the University of Leiden. He has published widely on international Humanism, early modern culture, paratexts, literary genres 1300-1600, Neo-Latin emblems, word and image relationships, and the history of scholarship and science.
Konrad A. Ottenheym is Professor of Architectural History at Utrecht University. His publications are focussed on Dutch architecture and architectural theory of the early modern period with a special attention to its relationships with other European regions.
Acknowledgements List of Illustrations Notes on the Editors Notes on the Contributors
The Quest for an Appropriate Past: The Creation of National Identities in Early Modern Literature, Scholarship, Architecture, and Art Karl Enenkel and Konrad Ottenheym
Part 1: The Mediterranean
1 Claiming and Contesting Trojan Ancestry on Both Sides of the Bosporus – Epic Answers to an Ethnographic Dispute in Quattrocento Humanist Poetry Christian Peters
2 Architecture, Poetry and Law: The Amphitheatre of Capua and the New Works Sponsored by the Local Élite Bianca de Divitiis
3 A City in Quest of an Appropriate Antiquity: The Arena of Verona and Its Influence on Architectural Theory in the Early Modern Era Hubertus Günther
4 Tradition and Originality in Raphael: The Stanza della Segnatura, the Middle Ages and Local Traditions David Rijser
5 An Appropriate Past for Renaissance Portugal: André de Resende and the City of Évora Nuno Senos
Part 2: France
6 The Construction of a National Past in the Bella Britannica by Humbert of Montmoret (d. ca. 1525) Thomas Haye
7 Parody and Appropriation of the Past in the Grandes Chroniques Gargantuines and in Rabelais’s Pantagruel (1532) Paul J. Smith
8 Antiquity and Modernity: Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century French Architecture Frédérique Lemerle
9 The Roots of Philibert De l’Orme: Antiquity, Medieval Art, and Early Christian Architecture Yves Pauwels
Part 3: The Low Countries
10 From Chivalric Family Tree to “National” Gallery: The Portrait Series of the Counts of Holland, ca. 1490–1650 Karl Enenkel
11 Dousa’s Medieval Tournaments: Chivalry Enters the Age of Humanism? Coen Maas
12 Living as Befits a Knight: New Castles in Seventeenth-Century Holland Konrad Ottenheym
13 ‘Non erubescat Hollandia’: Classical Embarrassment of Riches and the Construction of Local History in Hadrianus Junius’ Batavia Coen Maas
14 Epigraphy and Blurring Senses of the Past in Early Modern Travelling Men of Letters: The Case of Arnoldus Buchelius Harald Hendrix
15 ‘Sine amore, sine odio partium’: Nicolaus Burgundius’ Historia Belgica (1629) and his Tacitean Quest for an Appropriate Past Marc Laureys
16 The Mediaeval Prestige of Dutch Cities Konrad Ottenheym
17 An Appropriated History: The Case of the Amsterdam Town Hall (1648–1667) Pieter Vlaardingerbroek
Part 4: The Holy Roman Empire
18 Germany’s Glory, Past and Present: Konrad Peutinger’s Sermones convivales de mirandis Germanie antiquitatibus and Antiquarian Philology Christoph Pieper
19 Translating the Past: Local Romanesque Architecture in Germany and Its Fifteenth-Century Reinterpretation Stephan Hoppe
20 The Babylonian Origins of Trier Hubertus Günther
Part 5: Poland and Sweden
21 History and Architecture in Pursuit of a Gothic Heritage Kristoffer Neville
22 Early Modern Conceptualizations of Medieval History and Their Impact on Residential Architecture in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Barbara Arciszewska
Part 6: Britain, Scotland, and Ireland
23 Writing about Romano-British Architecture in the Late Seventeenth Century Matthew Walker
24 Preserving the Nation’s Zeal: Church Buildings and English Christian History in Stuart England Anne-Françoise Morel
25 ‘A Great Insight into Antiquity’: Jacob Bryant and Jeremiah Milles and the Authenticity of the Poems of Thomas Rowley Bernd Roling
26 Phoenician Ireland: Charles Vallancey (1725–1812) and the Oriental Roots of Celtic Culture Bernd Roling
All those interested in the reception of Antiquity and high medieval history (true and false) in early modern in literature, architecture and art, neolatin scholarship, Renaissance architecture, history of ideas, history of literature, and history of humanist scholarship.