New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century: Jan Hendrik Holwerda as a Pioneer of Method

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In New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century Bart L.F. Kamphuis investigates the life and work of Jan Hendrik Holwerda (1805-1886), who should be seen as the father of the Dutch Movement of Conjectural Criticism. Through a close study of his correspondence, Kamphuis reconstructs Holwerda’s remarkable scholarly biography. He then positions his text-critical theory against the views of Lachmann, Tischendorf and Tregelles. Finally, Holwerda’s corpus of New Testament conjectures is analysed by means of a newly proposed classification, while specific conjectures are discussed in the context of the history of scholarship on the passages concerned.
This study not only significantly contributes to our understanding of the history of New Testament textual criticism, but also shows that several of Holwerda’s conjectures have lasting relevance.
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Biographical Note

Bart L.F. Kamphuis, Ph.D. (2017), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, teaches at Viaa University of Applied Sciences in Zwolle, the Netherlands. With the present study he obtained his doctorate within the NWO project New Testament Conjectural Emendation: A Comprehensive Enquiry.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements 1 Introduction  1.1  13 December 1886  1.2  The Amsterdam Research Project and Its Historical Approach  1.3  The Dutch Movement of Conjectural Criticism  1.4  Holwerda as Father of the Dutch Movement  1.5  The Dutch Movement of Conjectural Criticism and Dutch Radical Criticism  1.6  The Relevance of Holwerda  1.7  Holwerda and Nineteenth-Century New Testament Conjectural Criticism in Scholarship  1.8  Research Aims  1.9  Research Questions, Outline, Methods  1.10  Miscellaneous 2 The Sitz im Leben of Holwerda’s New Testament Conjectural Criticism  2.1  Introduction  2.2  Early Years (1805–1830)  2.3  Ministry (1831–1872)  2.4  Emendationum Flavianarum specimen (1847) and the Leiden Radical School  2.5  In Contact with Cobet (from 1847 Onwards)  2.6  Rejected by van Hengel (1849–1851)  2.7  Van Hengel’s Proeve (1852)  2.8  Betrekking (1853): A Programmed New Testament ‘debut’  2.9  Praise and Friendship (from 1853 Onwards)  2.10  Aanteekeningen (1853) and “Opmerkingen” (1854)  2.11  Bijdragen (1855)  2.12  Discredited in Godgeleerde bijdragen (1855)  2.13  Polemic with Peerlkamp (1855–1856)  2.14  Romans 9:5 (1858–1859)  2.15  Review of Tischendorf’s Septima (1860)  2.16  Troubles with Cobet (Rift in 1862)  2.17  The Last Two Decades (1866–1886)  2.18  Conclusion 3 Theoretical Aspects of Holwerda’s New Testament Conjectural Criticism  3.1  Introduction  3.2  Background  3.3  General Text-Critical Method  3.4  The Role of Exegesis in Textual Criticism (Contra Tischendorf)  3.5  Best Manuscripts  3.6  Conjectural Emendation  3.7  Conclusion 4 Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Holwerda’s New Testament Conjectures  4.1  Introduction  4.2  Quantitative Analysis  4.3  Qualitative Analysis  4.4  Conclusion 5 Conclusion  5.1  Three Paradoxes  5.2  Future Research  5.3  Epilogue Appendix 1. Overview of Holwerda’s Conjectures Appendix 2. Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus: An Underestimated Uncial Bibliography Index

Readership

Textual critics and exegetes of the New Testament, as well as historians of philology and Dutch nineteenth-century scholarship.