Technology, Violence, and War

Essays in Honor of Dr. John F. Guilmartin, Jr.


This volume explores the importance of technology in war, and to the study of warfare. Dr. Guilmartin’s former students explore how technology from the medieval to the modern era, and across several continents, was integral to warfare and to the outcomes of wars. Authors discuss the interactions between politics, grand strategy, war, technology, and the socio-cultural implementation of new technologies in different contexts. They explore how and why belligerents chose to employ new technologies, the intended and unintended consequences of doing so, the feedback loops driving these consequences, and how the warring powers came to grips with the new technologies they unleashed. This work is particularly useful for military historians, military professionals, and policymakers who study and face analogous situations.
Contributors are Alan Beyerchen, Robert H. Clemm, Edward Coss, Sebastian Cox, Daniel P. M. Curzon, Sarah K. Douglas, Robert S. Ehlers, Jr., Andrew de la Garza, John F. Guilmartin, Jr., Matthew Hurley, Peter Mansoor, Edward B. McCaul, Jr., Michael Pavelec, William Roberts, Robyn Rodriguez, Clifford J. Rogers, William Waddell, and Corbin Williamson.

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Robert S. Ehlers, Jr., Ph.D. (2005), The Ohio State University, is the Senior Mentor for Department of Defense Information Environment Advanced Analysis Course. Known for his works on World War II Allied air forces, including Targeting the Third Reich and The Mediterranean Air War.
Sarah K. Douglas, Ph.D. (2015), The Ohio State University, is a Lecturer at OSU, teaching a range of military history courses from the middle ages to Vietnam. Her first book, Partus Pestilentiae, is currently being reviewed for publication.
Daniel P.M. Curzon, Ph.D. candidate, The Ohio State University, is working on a dissertation entitled Pacific Triumvirate, concerning the relations among Great Britain, Japan, and the United States of America.
List of Illustrations, Tables and Maps
Notes on Contributors

1 Technology and Strategy: What Are the Limits?
John F. Guilmartin Jr.

Part 1: The Pre-World World, 1300–1800

2 Gunpowder Artillery in Europe, 1326–1500: Innovation and Impact
Clifford J. Rogers
3 To the Seas: The Genesis of Ship Rigging in the Medieval and Early Modern Worlds
Sarah K. Douglas
4 The Lost World: Change and Continuity in Mughal Military Technology
Andrew de la Garza

Part 2: 19th Century Warfare

5 If You Can Be Seen, You Can Be Killed: The Technological Increase in Killing Zone during the American Civil War
Edward B. McCaul, Jr.
6 Without Experience or Precedent: Transformational Technology and the Light Draft Monitors
William Roberts
7 The Uganda Railway and the Fabrication of Kenya
Robert H. Clemm

Part 3: The World Wars

8 German Technology and the Origins of World War ii in East Asia
Robyn Rodriguez
9 Freeman’s Folly: The Debate over the Development of the “Unarmed Bomber” and the Genesis of the de Havilland Mosquito, 1935–1940
Sebastian Cox
10 The Impact of Institutional Context: Anglo-American Naval Fire Control
Corbin Williamson
11 Strategy, Technology, and Timing: Aircraft, the Mediterranean Air War, and the Turning of the Tide in the European Theater
Robert S. Ehlers, Jr.

Part 4: War Since 1945

12 The War Is Lost: Technological Surprise and the Collapse of Portugal’s Colonial Airpower Strategy, Guinea 1963–1974
Matthew M. Hurley
13 The Vicissitudes of Violence: Fear, Physiology, and Behavior under Fire
Ed Coss
14 Des Fusils Aux Idée: Technological Skepticism and Masculinity in the French Army, 1954–1962
William Waddell
15 Cyber: War?
Michael Pavelec
16 The Precision-Information Revolution in Military Affairs and The Limits of Technology
Peter R. Mansoor

Epilogue: Reflections On A Warrior and Scholar
Alan Beyerchen
This work is particularly useful for military historians, military professionals, and policymakers. It is also vital for graduate and undergraduate students in military history, and the history of science and technology.