This cross-disciplinary collection of essays examines – for the first time and in detail – the variegated notions of democracy put forward in seventeenth-century England. It thus shows that democracy was widely explored and debated at the time; that anti-democratic currents and themes have a long history; that the seventeenth century is the first period in English history where we nonetheless find positive views of democracy; and that whether early-modern writers criticised or advocated it, these discussions were important for the subsequent development of the concept and practice ‘democracy’.
By offering a new historical account of such development, the book provides an innovative exploration of an important but overlooked topic whose relevance is all the more considerable in today’s political debates, civic conversation, academic arguments and media talk.
Contributors include Camilla Boisen, Alan Cromartie, Cesare Cuttica, Hannah Dawson, Martin Dzelzainis, Rachel Foxley, Matthew Growhoski, Rachel Hammersley, Peter Lake, Gaby Mahlberg, Markku Peltonen, Edward Vallance, and John West.
Cesare Cuttica is Lecturer in British History at the Université Paris 8-Vincennes, and author of
Sir Robert Filmer (1588-1653) and the Patriotic Monarch: Patriarchalism in Seventeenth-Century Political Thought (Manchester, 2012). He also co-edited
Monarchism and Absolutism in Early Modern Europe (London, 2012) and
Patriarchal Moments (London, 2016).
Markku Peltonen is Academy Professor and Professor of History at the University of Helsinki. His publications include
Classical Humanism and Republicanism in English Political Thought 1570-1640 (Cambridge, 1995) and
The Duel in Early Modern England: Civility, Politeness and Honour (Cambridge, 2003) and
Rhetoric, Politics and Popularity in Pre-revolutionary England (Cambridge, 2013).
Abbreviations and Conventions
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: ‘Gone Missing’: Democracy and Anti-democracy in Seventeenth-Century England
Cesare Cuttica and Markku Peltonen
PART 1 Democracy and the People: Citizenship, Representation and the Commonwealth 1 Imagining Citizenship in the Levellers and Milton
Rachel Foxley 2 Democracy, Toleration, and the Interests of the People
Alan Cromartie 3 ‘All Government is in the people, from the people, and for the people’: Democracy in the English Revolution
Markku Peltonen 4 The Place of Democracy in Late Stuart England
PART 2 Democracy and the World-Turned-Upside-Down: Religion, Emotions and Polemical Fire 5 ‘A most dangerous rudeness’: Anti-populism and the Literary Justification of Absolutism in the Fiction of John Barclay (1582–1621)
Matthew Growhoski 6 The Spectre Haunting Early Seventeenth-Century England (ca. 1603–1649): Democracy at Its Worst
Cesare Cuttica 7 Anti-puritanism as Political Discourse; the Laudian Critique of Puritan ‘Popularity’
Peter Lake 8 Presbyterians, Republicans, and Democracy in Church and State, c.1570–1660
Rachel Hammersley 9 Poetry, the Passions, and Anti-democracy in Later Stuart England
PART 3 Democracy and the Other: Slaves, Natives and Women 10 Democracy and Anti-democracy: the Roger Williams and John Cotton Debate Revisited
Camilla Boisen 11 ‘The vulgar only scap’d who stood without’: Milton and the Politics of Exclusion
Martin Dzelzainis 12 A Democratic Culture? Women, Citizenship and Subscriptional Texts in Early Modern England
Edward Vallance 13
The Parliament of Women and the Restoration Crisis
Gaby Mahlberg Index
Scholars and academics (e.g. intellectual, political, cultural and literary historians, political scientists, philosophers) as well as teachers and students at both graduate and postgraduate level, and all those interested in popular power and the role of the masses, public opinion, broad political participation and religion in the collective arena we call society. Keywords are popularity, Stuart England, history of political thought, popular sovereignty, people, republicanism, Levellers, citizenship, toleration, women, democratisation, popular culture, rebellion, English Civil War, Restoration, exclusion crisis.