Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity


Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity, edited by Cristiano Casalini, is the first comprehensive volume to trace the origins and development of Jesuit philosophy during the first century of the Society of Jesus (1540–c.1640). Filling a gap in the history of philosophy, the volume seeks to identify and examine the limits of the “distinctiveness” of Jesuit philosophers during an age of dramatic turbulence in Western thought. The eighteen contributions by some of the leading specialists in various fields are divided into four sections, which guide the reader through cultural milieus, thematic issues, and intellectual biographies to show the impact of Jesuit philosophy on early modern thought.

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Cristiano Casalini, PhD (2004), is associate professor at Boston College. He holds the chair in Jesuit pedagogy and educational history. His publications include Aristotle in Coimbra. The Cursus conimbricensis and the Education at the College of Arts (Routledge, 2017), and – with Claude Pavur, S.J. – Jesuit Pedagogy, 1540–1616: A Reader (Institute of Jesuit Sources, 2016).
"a rich image of the presence of the institutional context proper to the Society of Jesus in the development of Jesuit philosophy in the first century of its existence, as well as a systematic presentation of its contribution to various philosophical disciplines; a panoramic study of the five mentioned Jesuit authors, and a demonstration of the influence of that thought in other modern authors."

Juan Antonio Senent de Frutos, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, in Journal of Jesuit Studies, volume 6, pp 545-548

"This volume, edited by Cristiano Casalini, an expert in Jesuit pedagogy based at Boston College, seeks to produce a holistic overview of Jesuit philosophy by bringing together leading authorities in Jesuit studies. Its impressive scope comprehensively covers most major topics of Jesuit philosophy, including epistemology, logic, psychology, rhetoric, pedagogy, moral theology, metaphysics, and political philosophy [...] the editor is to be commended for assembling such an impressive volume which no doubt will become a standard introduction for Jesuit philosophy.”

Daniel Canaris, Sun Yat-sen University, in Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu 89.178
Cristiano Casalini

Part 1: The Landscape

1 Philosophy in Jesuit Schools and Universities
Paul F. Grendler
2 Uniformitas et soliditas doctrinae: History, Topics, and Impact of Jesuit Censorship in Philosophy (1550–99)
Christoph Sander

Part 2: The Disciplines

Section 2.1: Knowledge

3 From Probability to the Sublime(s): Early Modern Jesuit Rhetoric; a Anti-philosophy or an Alternative Path to a Modern Idea of “Truth”?
Anne Régent-Susini
4 Jesuit Logic
E. Jennifer Ashworth
5 Jesuit Psychology and the Theory of Knowledge
Daniel Heider

Section 2.2: Nature and Theological Concerns

6 Early Jesuit Philosophers on the Nature of Space
Paul Richard Blum
7 “Accedit Theologicum argumentum”: Discussing Transubstantiation in Commenting Aristotle; Commentarius Collegii Conimbricensis on Aristotle’s De generatione
Stefano Caroti

Section 2.3: Action

8 A Juridicized Language for the Salvation of Souls: Jesuit Ethical Thought
Christoph P. Haar
9 Political Thought
Erik De Bom

Part 3: Authors

Section 3.1: The Roman College

10 Francisco de Toledo: Setting a Standard for Jesuit Philosophy
Anna Tropia
11 Benet Perera: the Epistemological Question at the Heart of Early Jesuit Philosophy
Marco Lamanna

Section 3.2: Madrid

12 Luis de Molina: The Metaphysics of Freedom
Alexander Aichele

Section 3.3: Coimbra

13 Pedro da Fonseca’s Unfinished Metaphysics: the First Systematic Jesuit Metaphysics before Suárez
António Manuel Martins
14 Manuel de Góis: the Coimbra Course and the Definition of an Early Jesuit Philosophy
Mário S. de Carvalho
15 Francisco Suárez: a “New” Thomistic Realism
Benjamin Hill

Part 4: Reverberations

16 Descartes and the Jesuits
Alfredo Gatto
17 John Locke and the Jesuits on Law and Politics
Elliot Rossiter

All interested in the history of early modern philosophy, Jesuit studies, and history of universities.