Literatures of the World

Beyond World Literature

Author:
Beginning with Erich Auerbach’s reflections on the Goethean concept of World Literature, Ottmar Ette unfolds the theory and practice of Literatures of the World. Today, only those literary theories that are oriented upon a history of movement are still capable of doing justice to the confusing diversity of highly dynamic, worldwide transformations. This is because they examine transareal pathways in the field of literature. This volume captures literary processes of exchange and transformation between the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Pacific as well as the interplay of different ways of narrating space and time. Thus, this volume speaks from a fractal point of view and unfolds multiple perspectives. Literatures of the World allows the reader to think in different logical frameworks at the same time, therefore shaping our future on the basis of the diversity of humankind.

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Ottmar Ette is Professor of Romance Literature at the University of Potsdam, Honorary Member of the Modern Language Association (MLA), and a Full Member of the Science and Humanities Class of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences. He has published monographs, critical text editions, translations and many articles on TransArea Studies, Alexander von Humboldt, Roland Barthes, José Martí, Literature and Life Sciences. Recent publications include TransArea (2016), Writing-between-Worlds (2016).
Contents
Preface: Beyond World Literature
List of Figures

Part 1 Theory – On the Way to a Philology of the Literatures of the World


 1 “Mimesis”: Perspectives from Erich Auerbach’s Philology of World Literature toward a Coming Philology of the Literatures of the World
In Dante’s World
In Auerbach’s World
In Woolf’s, Proust’s, and Joyce’s World
The World of World History
The World of World Literature
The World of the Literatures of the World
 2 From the Republic of World Literature to a Multilogical Philology of the Literatures of the World
World Literature versus National Literature
The World of the American World of Expression
Life of (and in) World Literature
Beyond World Literature: The Literatures of the World
On the Multilogical Life of the Literatures of the World

Part 2 Vectors – Political and Critical Potentials of Relational Philology


 3 Before and after the “Happy Revolution”: Langsdorff, the Berlin Debate on the New World, and Its Impact on Scientific Expeditions
Paradigm Shift: Plenty and Pitfalls (Fülle und Fallen) of the First Journeys of Exploration
Complementary Epistemology: Seeing, Writing, Traveling
Politics of Knowledge: The Berlin Debate on the New World
Politics of Opposites: “New” Nature and “Old” Culture
 4 Journey/Landscapes: (W)Orte (Words/Places) on the Transit of a Transareal Travel Literature
Fleeing Landscapes
Nomadic Knowledge
Yearned-for Connections
Landscapes of Theory
Island Landscapes of the Tropics
Endings and Beginnings of the Travel Report
The Task of the Central Perspective
 5 Carnival and Other Catastrophes: Nature as Culture and New Orleans as Global Archipelago
On Setting and Un-seating the Opposition of Nature and Culture
Political Ecology and Ecology of the Literatures of the World
From Sustainability to the Laboratory of Life and the Living
On That Which Is Natural in Natural Catastrophes
Catastrophe, Festivity, and Carnival
Between Continent and Caribbean: Landscapes of Theory
New Orleans as Global Archipelago

Part 3 Archipelago I Occidentes-Orientes


 6 Roland Barthes or the Multiplication of the East
Hexagonal Cartographies
European Cartographies
Mediterranean Cartographies
Far-Eastern Cartographies
Multiplied Cartographies
 7 The Transareality of the Mediterranean: The Mediterranean as Migratory Space
Uruk: Cityscape and Migratory Space
The Mediterranean as Island World and Transareal Projection
Travel Landscapes between Orient and Occident
In Greece: The Mobility of Literary Geography
Origins: In the Tension-Field between the Mediterranean and the Caribbean
Transit: The “Mid-Land Sea” and the Whole World

Part 4 TimeSpaces – On the Life-Knowledge of the Literatures of the World


 8 LebensMitte(l) Literatur – Midst of Life, Means of Life: On the Reading of Life as a Means of Living: Considerations in Connection to Honoré de Balzac’s “La Peau de Chagrin”
Literatur Leben LebensMittel (Literature Life Means of Life)
Leben Lesen Leben-Wollen (Life Reading Desire-to-Live)
Leben Lebenswerk Totalität (Life Life’s-Work Totality)
Leben-Wollen LebensMitte LebensMittel (Desire-to-Live Middle of Life Means of Living)
Leben Lesen Literatur (Life Reading Literature)
 9 Unrest as a Driving Force: On Vectoricity and Economy of a Monumental Feeling
On the Mechanics of the Unruh(e)
On the Dynamics of Unrest
On the Maintenance of Unrest
On the Choreography of Unrest
On the Game of Unrest
On the Hellish Paradise of Unrest
On the Economy of Depletion in Unrest
 10 Lyric as Concentrated Movement: Miniaturization and Archipelagization in Poetry: With the Example of a Poetic Writing without a Fixed Abode by José F. A. Oliver
Lyrical Short Forms: Concentrated Movement
Nanotheory: Modeling and Miniaturization
Lyric Poetry: World-Model and Experimental Space of Origins and Futures
Lyric Poetry: Languages beneath Languages
This Side of the Digital: Formats of Compressed Movement

Part 5 Archipelago II – America(s) Transareal


 11 Modernism, Convivence, Postmodernity: On Grafting and “mestizaje” to Transarchipelagic Coexistence in the Americas
War and Convivence
Grafting, Unity, and Diversity
Beyond Grafting, beyond Roots
Poetic Perception and Knowledge for Living Further
Archipelagos of Knowledge
 12 TransArea Studies, TransAndean Studies
Transandean Choreographies
Transareal Global Histories
The Literatures of the World and TransAndean Studies: But What DoesLiterature Know, of What Does It Tell, and of What Is It Capable?
 13 Magische Wände/Magic Walls: Biombos, Namban Art, and the Art of Globalization between China, Japan, India, Spanish-America, and Europe in the 17th and 18th Centuries
Bibliography
Register of Names
All those readers, literary enthusiasts, pupils, students, scholars and experts who are interested in a dynamic and contemporary concept of literature and its theoretical foundations.
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