The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) lies at the intersection of early modern and modern times. Frequently portrayed as the concluding chapter of the Reformation, it also points to the future by precipitating fundamental changes in the military, legal, political, religious, economic, and cultural arenas that came to mark a new, the modern era.
Prompted by the 400th anniversary of the outbreak of the war, the contributors reconsider the event itself and contextualize it within the broader history of the Reformation, military conflicts, peace initiatives, and negotiations of war.
Gerhild Scholz Williams, Ph.D. (1974), Washington University in St. Louis, is Barbara Thomas and David M. Thomas Professor in the Humanities as well as Vice Provost. She has published books and essays in medieval and early modern French and German literature, including
Mediating Culture in the 17th Century German Novel (2014).
Sigrun Haude, Ph.D. (1993), University of Cincinnati, is Associate Professor of History at that university. She has published on Anabaptism, Gender, and the Thirty Years’ War. Her monograph on
The Thirty Years’ War: Experience and Management of a Disaster is forthcoming.
Christian Schneider, Ph.D. (2007), Dr. habil. (2018), is Associate Professor of German at Washington University in St. Louis. He has published books and articles on medieval German literature and culture, including
Acknowledgments List of Illustrations and Tables
Introduction: Rethinking Europe: War and Peace in the Early Modern German Lands Sigrun Haude
Part 1: Within the War
Bravado, Martial Magic, and Masculine Performance in Early Modern Germany B. Ann Tlusty
Discussion of the Just War in the Lutheran Funeral Sermons of the Seventeenth Century Cornelia Niekus Moore
A Paper Victory Column (1664/1675): Female Authorship, Devotional Memory, and Religious Community Lynne Tatlock
Event and Emplotment: “Narrativizing” the Battle of Lützen Nicolas Detering
Seeking Peace, Finding War: Supplication and Negotiation in Electoral Brandenburg during the Thirty Years’ War Evan B. Johnson
Negotiating the Thirty Years’ War: Anna Sophia of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1598–1659) and Her Survival Strategies Jill Bepler
Artful Negotiator: Peter Paul Rubens’ Intervention in the Cause of Catholic Bavaria Susan Maxwell
Part 2: War and Periphery
“Make Peace, Not War”: an Anti-Propaganda Triumph in Johannes Sambucus’ Arcus aliquot triumphales et monumenta Tamar Cholcman
Stopping an Ottoman Spy in Late Sixteenth-Century Istanbul: David Ungnad, Markus Penckner, and Austrian-Habsburg Intelligence in the Ottoman Capital Tobias P. Graf
“The Imminent Danger of the Turks”: Ottoman Expansion, Hungarian Revolt, and Habsburg Fear of War (1670–1672) Georg B. Michels
Conflict and Coexistence: the Case of Early Modern Upper Lusatia Martin Christ
Dynastic Dislocation in the Thirty Years’ War: Lutheran Königsberg as Refuge for the Calvinist Houses of Hohenzollern and Wittelsbach Sara Smart
Spoils of Knowledge: Looted Books in Uppsala University Library during the Seventeenth Century Emma Hagström Molin
Part 3: Westphalian Peace and Post-War
Musicalische Friedens-Freud: the Westphalian Peace and Music in Protestant Nuremberg Alexander J. Fisher
Picturing Peace: Johann Vogel’s Emblematical Meditations on Peace, Nürnberg 1649 Mara R. Wade
State (De-)Formation in Practice: Bohemian Fiscal-Financial Arrangements during the War of the Spanish Succession Stephan Sander-Faes
Space, Peace, and Conflict in Post-Thirty Years’ War Villages Marc R. Forster
All interested in the history and culture of early modern Europe, and anyone concerned with the Thirty Years’ War, its contexts and aftermaths.