Adapting Watercourse Agreements to Developments in International Law: The Case of the Itaipu Treaty Maria A. Gwynn offers an account of the need to align watercourses agreements to the current standards and principles of international law, thereby increasing prospects for achieving sustainable development. As a case study, the author focuses on the most important hydroelectrical energy treaty in the South American region and astutely explores its implementation together with states’ practices regarding the non-navigational uses of watercourses and their commitments to environmental protection. The analysis offers a unique opportunity to assess the value of the UN Watercourses Convention in recommending states adapt their agreements to the provisions of the convention promoting equitable and reasonable uses of watercourses; an interest not only for the treaty partners but also for river basin states and the international community as a whole.
Maria A. Gwynn, Ph.D. (2015); MJur, Oxon (2008); LLB-Honours (2004); Oxford-Princeton Global Leader Fellow (2016-2018). She is Senior Research Fellow of International Law at the University of Bonn; Senior Research Associate, Global Economic Governance, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford; and International Arbitrator of the Court of Arbitration for Sports.
Adapting Watercourse Agreements to Developments in International Law The Case of the Itaipu Treaty
Maria A. Gwynn
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: The Itaipu Dam Project: Its Challenges and Advantages
Part 3: Advancement in International Watercourses and Environmental Law
Part 4: Implementation of the Itaipu Treaty and the Energy Policy Paradox in Paraguay: A Case for Updating the Treaty?
Part 5: Disputes Relating to International Watercourses Decided by the International Court of Justice
Part 6: Conclusion
All interested in international water law, environmental law and climate change, particularly those concerned with the most important energy treaty in the South American region.