Reinventing the Amphiareion at Oropos


This book asks why politically-powerful entities invested in the Amphiareion, a sanctuary renowned for its precarity and dependency. The answer lies in unravelling the intricacies of the shrine’s epigraphical record and the stories about the communities and individuals responsible for creating it. By explaining patterns in inscribed display against the backdrop of broader events and phenomena emerging within central Greece, this book revisits the Amphiareion’s narrative and emphasises its political implications for its neighbours. This interpretation offers new perspectives on the sanctuary and exposes agents’ manipulation of it in the course of reinventing their self-image in a changing Greek world.

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Alexandra Wilding, Ph.D. (2017), The University of Manchester, is Lecturer in Classical Studies at the Open University.
Conventions and Abbreviations
List of Figures, Maps and Tables

1 Introduction
 1.1 Evidence for the Amphiareion
 1.2 Scholarship on the Amphiareion
 1.3 Conceptualising History through Monument and Memory
 1.4 Outline of Chapters

2 Oropos, Amphiaraos, and the Foundation of the Oropian Amphiareion
 2.1 Oropos
 2.2 Amphiaraos
 2.3 The Foundation of the Oropian Amphiareion

3 Inscriptions and Their Authorities in the Classical Period
 3.1 The Status of Oropos from the Late Fifth to Fourth Centuries
 3.2 On the Ground: Inscriptions at the Amphiareion, c. 500–335 bce
 3.3 Agency and Aspirations
 3.4 The Athenian Reacquisition of Oropos
 3.5 Athenian Personnel and Policies
 3.6 The Return of the Athenians
 3.7 Agency and Aspirations Revisited
 3.8 Conclusion

4 Between polis and koinon: Inscribed proxenia at the Amphiareion in the Fourth to Second Centuries
 4.1 The Amphiareion in the Hellenistic Period
 4.2 The Issuing Authorities and Inscribed Media of Proxeny Decrees at the Amphiareion
 4.3 The proxenoi of Oropos
 4.4 Federal Proxeny Awards and Their Agents at the Amphiareion
 4.5 From Stele to Base
 4.6 Conclusion

5 Roman Honours and Hellenistic Memory
 5.1 Sullan Honours for the Amphiareion
 5.2 Reshaping Honour and Memory: Reusing Honorific Statues in the First Century
 5.3 The Amphiaraia and Rhomaia
 5.4 Conclusion

6 Conclusion

This book will be of interest to academics and (post)graduate students in ancient Greek history, religion and epigraphy.