Private Associations and Jewish Communities in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities


In Private Associations and Jewish Communities in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities, Benedikt Eckhardt brings together a group of experts to investigate a problem of historical categorization. Traditionally, scholars have either presupposed that Jewish groups were “Greco-Roman Associations” like others or have treated them in isolation from other groups. Attempts to begin a cross-disciplinary dialogue about the presuppositions and ultimate aims of the respective approaches have shown that much preliminary work on categories is necessary. This book explores the methodological dividing lines, based on the common-sense assumption that different questions require different solutions. Re-introducing historical differentiation into a field that has been dominated by abstractions, it provides the debate with a new foundation. Case studies highlight the problems and advantages of different approaches.

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Benedikt Eckhardt, Ph. D. (2011), University of Bochum, is Lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh. He has published on both Jewish history and the history of private associations, including several articles in the Journal for the Study of Judaism.

1 Introduction: “Greco-Roman Associations” and the Jews
Benedikt Eckhardt

2 Private Associations in Hellenistic and Roman Cities: Common Ground and Dividing Lines
Benedikt Eckhardt

3 Political and Sacred Animals: Religious Associations in Greco-Roman Egypt
Andrew Monson

4 Qumran Discipline and Rites of Affliction in Their Associational Context
Andrew R. Krause

5 Jewish Associations in Alexandria?
Kimberley Czajkowski

6 Les communautés juives de la Diaspora dans le droit commun des associations du monde gréco-romain
Marie-Françoise Baslez

7 Associations beyond the City: Jews, Actors and Empire in the Roman Period
Benedikt Eckhardt

8 Organisationsstrukturen jüdischer Gemeinden im Mäandertal
Ulrich Huttner

9 The Associates and the Others: Were Rabbinic Ḥavurot Greco-Roman Associations?
Clemens Leonhard

All interested in Jewish history in Hellenistic and Roman times, in historical processes of group formation, and in the organizational history of the Hellenistic and Roman empires.