Reinventing Jihād

Jihād Ideology from the Conquest of Jerusalem to the end of the Ayyūbids (c. 492/1099–647/1249)


In Reinventing Jihād, Kenneth A. Goudie provides a detailed examination of the development of jihād ideology from the Conquest of Jerusalem to the end of the Ayyūbids (c. 492/1099–647/1249). By analysing the writings of three scholars - Abū al Ḥasan al Sulamī (d. 500/1106), Ibn ʿAsākir (d. 571/1176), and ʿIzz al-Dīn al-Sulamī (d. 660/1262) - Reinventing Jihād demonstrates that the discourse on jihād was much broader than previously thought, and that authors interwove a range of different understandings of jihād in their attempts to encourage jihād against the Franks. More importantly, Reinventing Jihad demonstrates that whilst the practice of jihād did not begin in earnest until the middle of the twelfth century, the same cannot be said about jihād ideology: interest in jihād ideology was reinvigorated almost from the moment of the arrival of the Franks.

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Kenneth A. Goudie, Ph.D. (2016), University of St Andrews, is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Ghent University. His current research focuses on the historical writings of the fifteenth-century Qurʾān exegete and historian, Burhān al-Dīn al-Biqāʿī.
Winner of the Giuseppe Alberigo Junior Award (2019)
A Note on Transliteration, Translation, and Dates


1 Defining Jihād
 1 Introduction
 2 The Juristic Discourse of Jihād
 3 The Spiritual Discourse of Jihād
 4 The Regional Approach to Jihād
 5 Conclusion

2 The Kitāb al-jihād of Abū al-Ḥasan al-Sulamī
 1 Introduction
 2 Abū al-Ḥasan al-Sulamī’s Understanding of Jihād
 3 Abū al-Ḥasan al-Sulamī’s Use of Eschatology
 4 Conclusion

3 Ibn ʿAsākir’s Involvement in Jihād
 1 Introduction
 2 The Arbaʿūn of Ibn ʿAsākir
 3 Ibn ʿAsākir’s Representation of Ibn al-Mubārak
 4 Conclusion

4 The Jihād Propaganda of ʿIzz al-Dīn al-Sulamī
 1 Introduction
 2 Jihād under the Ayyūbids
 3 ʿIzz al-Dīn al-Sulamī
 4 Conclusion

 Primary Sources
 Primary Sources in Translation
 Secondary Material

This work will be of interest to everyone investigating aspects of the field of Islamic religious studies–particularly jihād–medieval Islamic history, and Crusader Studies.