This Companion aims to give an up-to-date overview of the historical context and the conceptual framework of Spanish imperial expansion during the early modern period, mostly during the 16th century. It intends to offer a nuanced and balanced account of the complexities of this historically controversial period analyzing first its historical underpinnings, then shedding light on the normative language behind imperial theorizing and finally discussing issues that arose with the experience of the conquest of American polities, such as colonialism, slavery or utopia. The aim of this volume is to uncover the structural and normative elements of the theological, legal and philosophical arguments about Spanish imperial ambitions in the early modern period.
Contributors are Manuel Herrero Sánchez, José Luis Egío, Christiane Birr, Miguel Anxo Pena González, Tamar Herzog, Merio Scattola, Virpi Mäkinen, Wim Decock, Christian Schäfer, Francisco Castilla Urbano, Daniel Schwartz, Felipe Castañeda, José Luis Ramos Gorostiza, Luis Perdices de Blas, Beatriz Fernández Herrero.
Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp (Ph.D. 1997; University Halle-Wittenberg) is Professor of Philosophy at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana in Mexico City. His current research focuses on the normative language of the School of Salamanca and its influence in 16th-century Mexico.
Introduction Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp
part 1: Historical Foundations
Spanish Theories of Empire: a Catholic and Polycentric Monarchy Manuel Herrero Sánchez
Before Vitoria: Expansion into Heathen, Empty, or Disputed Lands in Late-Mediaeval Salamanca Writings and Early 16th-Century Juridical Treatises José Luis Egío and Christiane Birr
The “School of Salamanca” and the American Project Miguel Anxo Pena González
part 2: Towards New Normative Orders
Colonial Law: Early Modern Normativity in Spanish America Tamar Herzog
Natural Law and Natural Right in the Spanish Scholasticism Merio Scattola
Dominion Rights: Their Development and Meaning in the History of Human Rights Virpi Mäkinen
Princes and Prices. Regulating the Grain Market in Scholastic Economic Thought Wim Decock
part 3: Ethics and Politics of the Conquest and Colonization
Conquista and the Just War Christian Schäfer
The Debate of Valladolid (1550–1551): Background, Discussions, and Results of the Debate between Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda and Bartolomé de las Casas Francisco Castilla Urbano
Caramuel on the Right of Discovery Daniel Schwartz
Spanish Colonialism as Perpetual Dominion in the Writings of Juan Solórzano y Pereira Felipe Castañeda
The Debate over the Enslavement of Indians and Africans in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth-Century Spanish Empire Luis Perdices de Blas and José Luis Ramos-Gorostiza
The “New World”: the Shaping of Utopia Beatriz Fernández Herrero
General Bibliography Index of Historical Names Index of Modern Names Index of Subjects
All interested in the history of political thought, the conceptual bases of Spanish imperial expansion, and the history of the legal and normative language of Spanish empire.