Migration, Reproduction and Society

Economic and Demographic Dilemmas in Global Capitalism

Series:

In Migration, Reproduction and Society, Alejandro I. Canales offers a theoretical model for understanding the dilemmas presented by migration in the transformation of contemporary society. Aging and changing demographics in advanced societies make economic and social reproduction dependent upon the contributions made by immigration. However, these same demographic processes are conducive to ethnic transformations. The political dilemma facing advanced societies is that immigration is required to ensure their reproduction, but this entails becoming multicultural societies where the political hegemony of ethnic and demographic majorities becomes radically subverted. This paves the way to a pervasive political conflict already evident in the current immigration crisis in Europe just as in the revival of racism and xenophobia in the United States.

En Migration, Reproduction and Society, Alejandro I. Canales propone un modelo teórico para el entendimiento del dilema político y social concerniente al papel de las migraciones en la transformación de la sociedad contemporánea. El envejecimiento y decline demográfico en las sociedades avanzadas hacen que la dinámica económica y la reproducción social de la población dependan directamente de los aportes que hace la inmigración. Sin embargo, estos mismos procesos demográficos propician una transformación étnica de sus actuales equilibrios sociales y demográficos. El dilema político que enfrentan las sociedades avanzadas es que para asegurar su reproducción debe necesariamente abrirse a la inmigración, pero ello conlleva la posibilidad de constituirse en sociedades multiculturales en donde la hegemonía política de las actuales mayorías étnicas y demográficas se trastocaría radicalmente. Es la base de un conflicto político cuyos indicios ya se advierten en la actual crisis migratoria en Europa, así como en el renacer del racismo y xenofobia en los Estados Unidos.

Hardback List price

EUR €135.00USD $163.00

Biographical Note

Alejandro I. Canales, Ph.D. (1995), El Colegio de México, is Professor of Demography at University of Guadalajara. He has published articles and books about International Migration. His most recent book is Debates contemporáneos sobre migración internacional (México, M.A. Porrúa, 2016).

Alejandro I. Canales, Ph.D. (1995), El Colegio de México, es Profesor de Demografía en la Universidad de Guadalajara. Ha publicado diversos artículos y libros sobre el tema de las migraciones internacionales. Su más reciente libro se titula: Debates contemporáneos sobre migración internacional (México, M.A. Porrúa, 2016).

Table of contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction

1 Migration and Reproduction: Basic Premises
 1 Three Glances at the Reproduction Approach
  1.1  Demography and Population Reproduction
  1.2  Reproduction in the Thought of Pierre Bourdieu
  1.3  Gunnar Myrdal and the Principle of Circular and Cumulative Causation
  1.4  Migration and Reproduction: A Preliminary Synthesis
 2 From the Social Reproduction of Migration to Migration as Reproduction of Society
 3 Conclusion: Migration and Reproduction

2 International Migration in Neoclassical Economics: A Critical Perspective
 1 Approaches of Neoclassical Economic Theory and of the New Home Economics
 2 Limitations of Neo-classical Theory: Imperfections of the Market
 3 Rational Choice: Theoretical or Axiomatic Principle?
 4 Neoclassical Economics: An Ahistorical Theory

3 Migration and Development: Three Theses and a Corollary
 1 Migration and Development: The Pitfalls of a Misleading Discourse
  1.1  The Immigration Issue in Host Countries
  1.2  Is Migration a New Development Paradigm for Origin Countries?
 2 Migration and Development: a Critical Perspective
 3 Conclusion: Three Theses and a Corollary on International Migration
  3.1  Corollary: Towards a Global Model of Understanding Migration

4 Migration and Reproduction: Beyond the Critique of Methodological Nationalism
 1 Globalization as a Critique of Methodological Nationalism
 2 Transnational Communities and Transnationalism
 3 Migration, Social Networks and Transnationalism
 4 Migration and Reproduction

5 The Role of Migration in the Global System of Demographic Reproduction
 1 Thesis
 2 From Demographic Transition to a Global System of Reproduction
 3 International Migration and Demographic Change in Sending and Receiving Societies
  3.1  Aging Population and the End of Demographic Transition
  3.2  The Second Demographic Transition
  3.3  The Demographic Dividend: Dynamics of Population in Origin Countries
 4 Demographic Change and Migration: Towards a Global Model of Population Reproduction
 5 Migration and Demographic Change: The Contradictions of the Model
 6 Conclusion: Dilemmas and Contradictions of a Model

6 Migration and the Reproduction of Capital
 1 Thesis
 2 From the Circular Flow of Income to the Reproduction of Capital
 3 Labor Migration and the Reproduction of Capital
  3.1  Deindustrialization and Tertiarization in the New Labor Matrix
  3.2  Immigration and Labor Deficit
 4 Transnationalism, Social Networks and Remittances: The Reproduction of the Labor Force
 5 Conclusion

7 Migration and Social Reproduction
 1 Thesis
 2 Social Networks and Social Reproduction
 3 Migration and Social Reproduction in Host Societies
  3.1  Globalization and Employment Polarization
  3.2  Racializing Social Inequality and Class Structure in the United States
  3.3  Migration, Work and Social Reproduction in Advanced Societies
 4Migration and Social Reproduction: Towards a Global and Comprehensive Vision
8 The Central Place of Migration in the Reproduction of Advanced Societies
 1 Thesis
 2 International Migrations: The Theoretical-methodological Debate Revisited
 3 Migration and the Reproduction Approach
 4 The Central Place of Migrations in Advanced Societies
 5 The Contradictions of the Model: Demographic Replacement

9 Latinos in the USA: The New American Dilemma
 1 Thesis
 2 Demographic Change and Ethnic Replacement
 3 The Racialization of Inequality and the New American Dilemma
  3.1  Occupational Segregation and the Racializing of Social Inequality
  3.2  Productivity, Wages and Economic Discrimination
 4 Final Reflections: Latinos and the New American Dilemma

References
Index

Readership

All interested in contemporary international migration, and in the causes and consequences of migration from social, economic and demographic vantage points.

Todos los interesados en las migraciones internacionales contemporáneas, y en las causas y consecuencias de las migraciones en la dinámica social, económica y demográfica de la sociedad global.

Index Card