Higher Education Policy in the Philippines and ASEAN Integration

Demands and Challenges

Globalisation has brought a number of regional cooperation, collaboration, partnership and networking initiatives among different countries. The regionalisation of higher education or its initiators have used different terms to define their objectives. For Asian higher education, this relationship has extended beyond the broader idea of higher education cooperation for instance, to include different networks and agreements within region and outside region on matters related to research, student mobility and quality assurance among Asian countries and between Asia and other countries that share a similar vision on education.

This book examines and analyses the status of education policy in the Philippines and, more particularly, focuses on the issue of the integration of higher education in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It further examines ASEAN integration policies and what the Philippines could do to underpin these policies. The objective is to better understand the problems of global policy in the context of regionalisation, harmonisation and integration from both an ASEAN and a Philippine perspective. Prospective mechanisms of ASEAN for upgrading the quality of education provision through student mobility, staff exchange, regional accreditation and articulation are succinctly argued in this book. Methodologically, various research designs and methods, including a literature review, as a well as an empirical data and secondary data analysis were used. ASEAN leaders, higher education researchers and policymakers may find the results discussed in this book useful.

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Kolawole Samuel Adeyemo is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Education Management & Policy Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa. He holds a PhD in Educational Management from the Cavite State University, Philippines and did his postdoc at the University of Pretoria.
List of Figures and Tables

1 Philippine Higher Education in the Era of ASEAN Integration
1  Introduction
2  Integration of Higher Education in Southeast Asia
3  Philippines’ Response
4  Globalisation of ASEAN Higher Education
5  The Organisation of the Book

2 A Review of the Philippine Quality Assurance System
1  Globalisation and the Development of a Knowledge Economy
2  Understanding ‘Quality’ in Higher Education
3  The Need for Quality in Philippine Higher Education
4  Accreditation
5  Quality Assurance for Skills Production
6  Concluding Remarks

3 Quality Improvement of Private Higher Education in the Philippines for ASEAN Integration
1  Introduction
2  Privatisation of Higher Education in the ASEAN Context
3  The Role of Regulatory Bodies
4  Concluding Remarks

4 Predictors of the Use of Quality Management System (QMS) Processes for the ASEAN Agenda
1  Introduction
2  Use of Process Management in Higher Education
3  Empirical Findings
4  Age
5  Gender
6  Experience
7  Educational Attainment
8  Concluding Remarks

5 Total Quality Management (TQM) and the ASEAN Skills Development Agenda
1  Introduction
2  Higher Education and Skills Development
3  Application of TQM in Higher Education
4  Concluding Remarks

6 Measuring Research Performance of ASEAN Higher Education
1  Introduction
2  Historical Trajectory of Performance Measurement
3  Measuring Service Quality in Higher Education
4  Change Management
5  Concluding Remarks

7 Cultural Barriers to ASEAN Integration Policy Implementation
1  Introduction
2  Culture and Performance in Higher Education
3  Mobility and Cultural Barriers
4  Concluding Remarks

8 Implications of ASEAN Integration for the Philippine Higher Education Policies
1  ASEAN Integration
2  Philippine Higher Education Policy
3  Major Findings
4  Symbolism of ASEAN Policy
5  Political Symbolism
6  Challenges and Demands
7  Recommendations

ASEAN leaders, higher education researchers, policymakers, postgraduate students may find the results discussed in this book useful.