Ottoman War and Peace

Studies in Honor of Virginia H. Aksan

The articles compiled in Ottoman War & Peace. Studies in Honor of Virginia H. Aksan, honor the prolific career of a foremost scholar of the Ottoman Empire, and engage in redefining the boundaries of Ottoman historiography. Blending micro and macro approaches, the volume covers topics from the sixteenth to twentieth centuries related to the Ottoman military and warfare, biography and intellectual history, and inter-imperial and cross-cultural relations. Through these themes, this volume seeks to bring out and examine the institutional and socio-political complexity of the Ottoman Empire and its peoples.

Contributors are Eleazar Birnbaum, Maurits van den Boogert, Palmira Brummett, Frank Castiglione, Linda Darling, Caroline Finkel, Molly Greene, Jane Hathaway, Colin Heywood, Douglas Howard, Christine Isom-Verhaaren, Dina Rizk Khoury, Ethan L. Menchinger, Victor Ostapchuk, Leslie Peirce, James A. Reilly, Will Smiley, Mark Stein, Kahraman Şakul, Veysel Şimşek, Feryal Tansuğ, Baki Tezcan, Fatih Yeşil, Aysel Yıldız.

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Frank Castiglione, Ph.D. (2016), Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Ethan L. Menchinger, Ph.D. (2014), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, is Lecturer in the History of the Islamic World at the University of Manchester. He has published numerous articles on the Ottoman Empire and is author of the monograph The First of the Modern Ottomans: the Intellectual History of Ahmed Vâsıf (Cambridge University Press, 2017).

Veysel Şimşek, Ph.D. (2015), McMaster University, is lecturer in Turkish at the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University. Previously, he held post-doctoral fellowships at McGill and Yale. He has taught and published on the political, social, and military history of the Ottoman Empire.
Acknowledgments List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors Publications by Virginia H. Aksan Introduction
Frank Castiglione, Ethan L. Menchinger and Veysel Şimşek

Part 1: Ottoman Military and Society



1 Crime among the Janissaries in the Ottoman Golden Age
Linda T. Darling

2 The Trouble with Timārs: An Excursion into a Seventeenth-Century Documentary Landscape
Victor Ostapchuk

3 Ottoman Observers of Ottoman War in the 17th Century
Mark Stein

4 The Azadlu Gunpowder Works: Catalyst for the Military Industry Complexes of Istanbul
Kahraman Şakul

5 Drill and Discipline as a Civilizing Process: The Genesis of the Modern Soldier in the Ottoman Empire, 1789–1826
Fatih Yeşil

6 Armatole Families in the 18th Century Balkans
Molly Greene

7 Under Fire and Lice: Experiences of an Ottoman Soldier in the First World War and the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1922)
Veysel Şimşek

8 Shayzar, an Ottoman Fortress-Settlement in Syria
James A. Reilly

Part 2: Ideas, Political Thought, and the Circulation of Knowledge



9 A Cure for the Plague, and Other Prescriptions
Eleazar Birnbaum

10 A Phenomenology of Empire: Ayn Ali on the Ottoman Provinces
Douglas A. Howard

11 Visualizing Ottoman Space: Choiseul-Gouffier and the Passage through Anatolia, 1776
Palmira Brummett

12 On the Identity of a Reformist Intellectual: the Koca Sekbanbaşı Debate Revisited
Ethan L. Menchinger and Aysel Yıldız

Part 3: Biography



13 The Law School of Mehmed II in the Last Quarter of the Sixteenth Century: A Glass Ceiling of the less connected Ottoman Ulema
Baki Tezcan

14 Writing Biography with Limited Sources and Fewer Models: The Case of Hurrem Sultan
Leslie Peirce

15 Tracing the Life of Hüsam Bey: Career Paths in the Sixteenth-century Ottoman Navy
Christine Isom-Verhaaren

16 Eunuchs and the State in the Mamlūk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire: A Comparison
Jane Hathaway

17 “The clever Engineer Koehler”: The Clandestine Activities of George Frederick Koehler (1758–1800) in the Ottoman lands, 1791–93
Caroline Finkel

Part 4: Ottoman Identity and Inter-confessional Relations



18 An Ottoman “Exemption Letter (Mu‘āf-nāme)” Dated 1015/1606 for the Karaite Descendants of Fātima Hātūn, kira of Hafsa Sultan, the Mother of Süleymān the Magnificent: a Document from the National Museum of Lithuania
Colin Heywood

19 Ottoman Brokers in the 18th-Century Levant Trade
Maurits H. van den Boogert

20 The Battle of Ali Hoca Burnu: Framed Privateers, Questionable Loyalties, and a Sultanic Prize Court
Will Smiley

21 Revisiting the Escalation of Intercommunal Violence in İzmir (1797): “Anti-Greek,” or a More Complex Dynamic?
Feryal Tansuğ

22 Nationality and Sect in Ottoman and post-Ottoman Iraq
Dina Rizk Khoury

Index
Scholars and students interested in the history of the Ottoman Empire, and specifically military history, biography, intellectual history, and inter-confessional relations.