The Matica and Beyond

Cultural Associations and Nationalism in Europe


Nineteenth-century national movements perceived the nation as a community defined by language, culture and history. Part of the infrastructure to spread this view of the nation were institutions publishing literary and scientific texts in the national language. Starting with the Matica srpska (Pest, 1826), a particular kind of society was established in several parts of the Habsburg Empire – inspiring each other, but with often major differences in activities, membership and financing. Outside of the Slavic world analogues institutions played a similar key role in the early stages of national revival in Europe. The Matica and Beyond is the first concerted attempt to comparatively investigate both the specificity and commonality of these cultural associations, bringing together cases from differing regional, political and social circumstances.

Contributors are: Daniel Baric, Benjamin Bossaert, Marijan Dović, Liljana Gushevska, Jörg Hackmann, Roisín Higgins, Alfonso Iglesias Amorín, Dagmar Kročanová, Joep Leerssen, Marion Löffler, Philippe Martel, Alexei Miller, Xosé M. Núñez Seixas, Iryna Orlevych, Magdaléna Pokorná, Miloš Řezník, Jan Rock, Diliara M. Usmanova, and Zsuzsanna Varga.

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Dr. Krisztina Lajosi is a Senior Lecturer in Modern European Culture at the Department of European Studies of the Universiteit van Amsterdam. Her research area is nationalism and transnationalism studies, focusing on the intersections between history, media and political thought.

Dr. Andreas Stynen is postdoctoral assistant at KU Leuven, Research Group for Cultural History since 1750. Mainly studying the history of urbanism and national movements, he has also published on musical culture, transatlantic migration and practices of remembrance.
 List of Figures
 Notes on Contributors

   Joep Leerssen

 1 The Buda University Press and National Awakenings in Habsburg Austria
   Zsuzsanna Varga

 2 The Matice Česká
   Magdaléna Pokorná

 3 The Slovak Matica, Its Precursors and Its Legacy
   Benjamin Bossaert and Dagmar Kročanová

 4 The Matica in an Ethnic-Regional Context: Sorbian Lusatia and Czech Silesia in Comparison
   Miloš Řezník

 5 The Slovenian Matica: The ‘Foundation-Stone’
   Marijan Dović

 6 Framing a Regional Matica, from Dalmatian to Croatian
   Daniel Baric

 7 Macedonian Societies in the Balkan Context
   Liljana Gushevska

 8 Language, Cultural Associations, and the Origins of Galician Nationalism, 1840–1918
   Xosé M. Núñez Seixas and Alfonso Iglesias Amorín

 9 Félibrige, or the Impossible Occitan Nation
   Philippe Martel

 10 Educational, Scholarly, and Literary Societies in Dutch-speaking Regions, 1766–1886
   Jan Rock

 11 A Century of Change: The Eisteddfod and Welsh Cultural Nationalism
   Marion Löffler

 12 “Racy of the Soil”: Young Ireland and the Cultural Production of Nationhood
   Roisín Higgins

 13 Competing National Movements: School Associations and Cultural Nationalism in the Baltic Region
   Jörg Hackmann

 14 The Galician-Ruthenian Matica (1848–1939)
   Iryna Orlevych

 15 Tatar Cultural and Educational Organizations and Charities: Muslim Self-Organization in the Russian Empire
   Diliara M. Usmanova

 Afterword: The Maticas in a World of Empires
   Alexei Miller

All interested in nationalism, nineteenth-century cultural history and social history.